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Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development in Southeast Asia

by Dr. Keo Piseth, Dr. Kimly Ngoun, Dr. Chheng Kimlong, Chheang Vannarith, Doctor Chanborey Cheunboran

Challenges, Cooperation and Development Models

Against the backdrop of urgent needs at the national, regional and global levels for sustainable development based on clean and renewable sources of energy, this book volume is a collection of policy-oriented research papers published with the intention to raise awareness and stimulate policy interests in renewable energy and approaches to sustainable development.

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Without exception, countries in Southeast Asia, a region home to approximately 622 million inhabitants (World Population Review 2020), are endeavoring to provide sustainable, reliable, and affordable electricity to their population, 130 million of whom do not have access to electricity. Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation (APAEC) 2016–2025 outlines strategies and programmes of actions to realise energy security, accessibility, affordability and sustainability for ASEAN population through energy connectivity and market integration (Zamora 2015). The plan sets higher targets to improve energy efficiency and increase the uptake of renewable energy by reducing the energy intensity by 20% in 2020 compared to 2005 while increasing the share of renewable energy to 23% by 2025 in the energy mix. The targets will lower the costs of energy supply, improve air quality, and create a robust energy system.

Despite the progress being made, the plan for increased deployment of renewable energy is obstructed by numerous challenges, including financial, technological, regulatory, institutional, geographical, and human resource aspects. These challenges, however, can be addressed through broadening and deepening regional partnerships and collaboration among ASEAN member countries with dialogue partners, International Organisations (IOs), research institutions, and involvement of the private sector in the forms of financial investment and technology transfer.

All countries in Southeast Asia as a whole need to work together more seamlessly to promote research, development and deployment of renewable energy in all spectrums of the economy, society, businesses and governance. In addition, innovative approaches to sustainable development need to be continuously explored, tested and implemented in order to achieve greater progress and more inclusive development in the region.

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Dr Chheang Vannarith, Ms Isabel Weininger, Dr Cheunboran Chanborey, Dr Leng Thearith, Dr Keo Piseth, Dr Nguonphan Pheakdey, Dr Sok Serey, Ms Likhedy Touch, Mr Chhem Siriwat, Mr Lim Menghour, Mr Fai Mesa, Mr Chab Sombol, Ms Sousanda Ly


Konrad Adenauer Foundation Cambodia, Asian Vision Institute


Phnom Penh



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