Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad


One crisis too many

State bankruptcy and COVID-19 combine to form a toxic catalyst in Lebanon

For the first time in its history, Lebanon has defaulted - and loses its spotless record of its crisis-resistant solvency. The banking system, a pillar of the Lebanese economy, has begun to totter since the nationwide protests of October 17. The ailing economic system was dragged along for years and kept alive by highly irresponsible fiscal and monetary policies. The COVID-19 outbreak will deal the desolate economy an additional blow, with far reaching consequences that we can only imagine at this point.

Konstantin Rintelmann

Political paralysis at the brink of an economic collapse

The immense challenges for Lebanon grow with its political inability to act

The killing of the Iranian General Qassem Soleimani complicates the already stagnating formation of a government in Lebanon that has been pending for months. Hassan Diab is struggling with considerable domestic hurdles, but seems nevertheless determined not to step down. Political leadership is urgently needed: not only to implement economic reforms, but also in view of regional tensions. At the same Lebanon is sliding further into an economic crisis, the sheer scale of which politicians are only now beginning to understand. The failure of the central bank and politicians to mitigate the pervasive uncertainty by clear communication has severely damaged confidence in the currency, banks and financial system.

Country Report 19-01-14 Government Formation in Lebanon – Key Aspects of Internal Obstacles

Since the elections of last year, Lebanon has been waiting for a new government to be formed. The challenges of the expected new government are numerous. This document reflects the major internal obstacles in the government formation.

Who are Lebanon`s First-time Voters?

Results of a countrywide voter profile survey on the attitudes and opinions of the Lebanese Youth towards the upcoming elections

Germany and Lebanon


Today’s three-day visit of German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier to the Lebanese Republic marks the first state visit of a German head of state to the country.

Bundestag election in Germany on 24 September 2017

The results of the 2017 Bundestag election are ambivalent. Both major parties lost support. Of the small parties, FDP and AfD were able to mobilize support, while The Greens and The Left barely experienced notable changes. The CDU/CSU union performed best, thus constituting the largest faction with the mandate to form a government – which was nothing to be taken for granted after 12 years in power. Two options are conceivable politically: a Grand Coalition and a so-called “Jamaica coalition” consisting of the Union, FDP and The Greens, as currently governs in Schleswig-Holstein.

Financial Crisis in Lebanon

Lebanon is living financial crisis conditions, which may turn intoa full-fledged crisis affecting the Lebanese Lira’s exchange rateand the banking sector unless appropriate and specific actionsare soon implemented by the authorities.

Parliamentary Elections in Lebanon

A long way to a new parliament

The long awaited parliamentary elections in Lebanon will take place in the upcoming months of 2017.The legislative period of the last parliament, elected in 2009, has already passed its regulatory mandate of four years in 2013. Yet, in consideration of the current events in the region and the resulting safety issues, the parliament independently extended its legislative period two times in 2013 and 2014 through a formal juridical revision. The official end of the parliamentary mandate is set for the 20th of June 2017.

Der Libanon vor den ersten Parlamentswahlen seit 2009


Am 6. Mai 2018 wählt der Libanon zum ersten Mal seit neun Jahren wieder ein Parlament, nachdem dessen Amtszeit bereits dreimal verlängert worden war. Im Vorfeld war das Wahlrecht grundlegend reformiert worden.

Konstantin Rintelmann

Die Protestkultur im Libanon

Libanons Sonderweg seit dem Ausbruch des Arabischen Frühlings

Während sich ab Ende 2010 in seinen Nachbarländern der Reihe nach Massenproteste anbahnten, die zum Teil auch schnell eine gewaltsame Dimension annahmen, blieb es im Libanon verhältnismäßig ruhig. Über das Jahr 2011 hinweg kam es lediglich vereinzelt zu kleineren Protesten, die in ihrem Versuch, auf der Grundlage einer nationalen, konfessionsübergreifenden Kampagne politischen Druck gegenüber der Regierung aufzubauen, eher homogen in Bildungsstand und Herkunft blieben. Zu einer landesweiten und inklusiven Massenmobilisierung sollte es im Libanon erst 2019 kommen.

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About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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