Publications

Substantive Representation of Women in Asian Parliaments

Combining data from nearly 100 interviews with national parliamentarians from ten Asian countries, the contributors to this book analyze and evaluate the advancement of gender equality in Asia.

wikimedia commons / DannyG15

Time is (poli)ticking

Malaysia’s Race for Urgent Institutional Reforms Ahead of the 15th General Elections

It has been a very tumultuous few years in Malaysian politics. When Ismail Sabri bin Yaakob became the country’s ninth Prime Minister almost one year ago in August 2021, it was the third change in government in just a little over three years. The political instability has harmed the country in many ways and caused a political fatigue amongst the population that still finds itself longing for political reforms. Finally, after significant delays in its tabling, last week on 28 July 2022, the Anti-Party Hopping bill was passed in parliament, restricting parliamentarians from switching between political parties, thus addressing one of the biggest challenges for stability in Malaysian politics. But even though at this point no date has been set yet for the next General Elections, time is ticking for most of the promised reform agenda.

beautifulpicture, shutterstock

Der lächelnde Drache – Chinas Soft Power-Einfluss in Südostasien

Implikationen und Handlungsempfehlungen für Deutschland und die EU

Chinas Einfluss und Ambitionen im Ausland nehmen zu – genauso wie die Spannungen mit dem Westen. Vor dem Hintergrund der COVID 19-Pandemie sowie negativer internationaler Berichterstattung über Menschenrechts- und Sicherheitsfragen hat Peking in den letzten Jahren stärker als zuvor auf Soft Power gesetzt. Dadurch soll der Imageschaden minimiert, die Attraktivität des Landes geschützt und der Einfluss weiter vergrößert werden. Chinas Soft Power-Bemühungen reichen von Infrastrukturinvestitionen und Medienpräsenz über verschiedene Formen des diplomatischen, akademischen, professionellen und kulturellen Austausches bis hin zu medizinischer Hilfe und humanitärer Unterstützung. Die neuesten Soft Power-Instrumente der Volksrepublik China sind als „Impfdiplomatie" und „Wolf Warrior"-Taktiken bekannt. Entwicklungen in Südostasien – einer Region mit 650 Millionen Einwohnern und einem Bruttoinlandsprodukt von insgesamt drei Billionen US-Dollar, aber auch mit territorialen Streitigkeiten im Südchinesischen Meer und strategischem Wettbewerb zwischen wichtigen Akteuren – sind für Entscheidungsträger und interessierte Beobachter in der gesamten Region Asien-Pazifik, in Europa und darüber hinaus von größter Bedeutung. Dieser Bericht fasst wichtige Ergebnisse der KAS-Regionalstudie mit dem Titel „The Smiling Dragon – China‘s Soft Power in Southeast Asia“ zusammen. Er liefert einen Einblick in Chinas Soft Power-Einsatz in fünf Ländern Südostasiens – Kambodscha, Malaysia, Singapur, Thailand und Vietnam – und den lokalen Reaktionen auf diese Bemühungen. Ziel ist es, Auswirkungen und potenzielle Folgen für die Akteure in der Region und in Europa besser zu verstehen.

Perception of the Implementation of a Hydrogen Economy in Asia-Pacific

An Expert Survey

The survey maps the perceptions of Asian energy experts from nine different countries (Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore) on the state of the hydrogen economy in the region.

The Smiling Dragon

China’s Soft Power in Southeast Asia – Implications for Germany and the EU

This KAS regional study on China’s soft power projection in Southeast Asia aims to identify and quantify the PRC’s engagement in selected ASEAN countries and evaluate its success. The authors conclude with a few policy recommendations for the EU and for Germany specifically to encourage European soft power gains in Southeast Asia.

Public Health in Asia during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Global Health Governance, Migrant Labour, and International Health Crises

Every nation in Asia has dealt with COVID-19 differently and with varying levels of success in the absence of clear and effective leadership from the World Health Organization (WHO). As a result, WHO’s role in Asia as a global health organization is coming under increasing pressure. As its credibility is slowly being eroded by public displays of incompetence and negligence, it has also become an arena of contestation. Moreover, while the pandemic continues to undermine the future of global health governance as a whole, the highly interdependent economies in Asia have exposed the speed with which pandemics can spread, as intensive regional travel and business connections have caused every area in the region to be hit hard. The migrant labour necessary to sustain globalized economies has been strained and the security of international workers is now more precarious than ever, as millions have been left stranded, seen their entry blocked, or have limited access to health services. This volume by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung's (KAS) Regional Economic Programme Asia (SOPAS), Leiden Asia Centre, and the International Academic Forum provides an accessible framework for understanding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Asia, with a specific emphasis on global governance in health and labour.

TVET and Higher Education Reforms for Malaysia – Lessons from the Social Market Economy Model

Webinar report

A report by Dr. Mohamed Aslam Haneef on Malaysia's higher education system from the perspective of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and the social market economy. It was discussed in the webinar "Are Universities Worth It?" on 5 September 2021 and this report covers the points raised and further elaborates on how to move forward towards better education of all.

Reforming Malaysia's GLC Framework

Webinar report (English only)

A report by Dr. Edmund Terence Gomez on Malaysia's government-linked companies (GLCs) from the perspective of the social market economy and comparisons with other countries. It was discussed in the webinar "Battling the Crisis: The Role of the Government-Linked Companies (GLCs)" on 14 June 2021 and this report covers the points raised and further elaborates on how GLCs could be reformed for a better Malaysia.

Malaysia’s Health System: Public or Private?

Webinar report

A report by Dr. Geoffrey Williams on Malaysia's healthcare system from the perspective of the social market economy. It was discussed in the webinar "Public or Private? Equity, Efficiency and Quality in Malaysia's Healthcare" on 5 May 2021 and this report covers the points raised and further elaborates on how to move forward towards better healthcare of all.

The Future of Work for the Asian Youth (Malaysia)

This country report serves to shed light on the realities of the future of work in Malaysia. The first part will examine the current state of youths in Malaysia from the demographical lenses, education and workforce participation of youths. The second part will discuss the realities faced by Malaysian youths from both the opportunities and challenges for the youths. And the final part will be the policy recommendations to further alleviate some of the challenges faced by youths in transitioning to the work.