Map of the Month

The KAS Map of the Month

Strengthening of International Health Regulations in the WHO Executive Board

Map of the Month 02/2022

There were not many breakthroughs at the 150th session of the World Health Organization (WHO) Executive Board meeting at the end of January. However, the decision to strengthen the International Health Regulations (IHR) is seen as an important step for international cooperation on pandemic preparedness and global health governance.

Voting behaviour in the UN Human Rights Council in 2021: in relation to Germany and China

Map of the Month 01/2022

The Map of the Month January illustrates the joint voting behaviour of the Members of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) with Germany and China in 2021. A total of 80 resolutions were adopted in the Council last year, 38 of which had to be put to a vote due to a lack of consensus. In addition to the EU Member States, the United Kingdom, South Korea and Ukraine voted most frequently with Germany, while China, Cameroon, Eritrea and Russia, Venezuela and India's votes least frequently aligned with Germany's. On the other hand, Cuba, Venezuela, Russia, Eritrea and Bolivia in particular voted most often with China, while EU countries (especially the Czech Republic), South Korea, Ukraine, the Marshall Islands and the United Kingdom voted with China particularly rarely. The African countries abstained comparatively frequently, with Malawi still voting most frequently together with Germany.

Consensus toward a WHO convention at the WHA and interested states for the pilot study for the UHPR.

Map of the Month 12/2021

This week, WHO member states have gathered at the second World Health Assembly Special Session and adopted a critical decision that will launch negotiations for a WHO convention, agreement or other instrument for pandemic prevention, preparedness and response. The second map shows the 14 countries that expressed interest in piloting the Universal Health and Preparedness Review, a periodic peer-review modeled after the Universal Periodic Review for human rights situations under the auspices of the UN Human Rights Council. (more below)

Membership of WTO Members in Plurilaterals or Joint Initiatives

Map of the Month 11/2021

So-called plurilateral initiatives are discussions at the WTO in which only a part of its members are participating. They can i.a. aim at creating new rules or liberalising tariffs. Given the very difficult discussions on a multilateral level, in plurilateral initiatuves have been considered by many WTO members as crucial to reinvigorate trade cooperation at the WTO. Ongoing or concluded plurilateral initiatives focus on services domestic regulations, e-commerce, MSMEs, trade and gender, investment facilitation, environmental goods and government procurement. In addition - given that the WTO Appellate Body is currently blocked - 52 WTO members have agreed on a Multi-party interim appeal arbitration agreement (MPIA) which is an alternative system for resolving WTO disputes that are appealed by a WTO Member. As the map of the month map demonstrates, the vast majority of WTO members participates in at least one plurilateral initiative, some are taking part in all current plurilaterals.

Key votes at the 48th UN Human Rights Council and new composition in 2022

Map of the Month 10/2021

The 48th UN Human Rights Council convened in Geneva from September 13 to October 11, 2021. Important votes were held, among other things, on a special rapporteur on Afghanistan, on the termination of the mandate of the Group of Eminent Experts on Yemen or on the recognition of the right to a clean and healthy environment and the establishment of a special rapporteur on climate change and human rights. On October 14, the new members of the UN Human Rights Council were elected in the UN General Assembly in New York. With a comeback of the US others, all members of the UN Security Council will be represented on the Human Rights Council starting from January 1, 2022,

COVAX Deliveries: vaccine donations as a percentage of the population in recipient countries.

Map of the Month 09/2021

September's map of the month illustrates how many COVAX vaccine donations were delivered to recipient countries by the end of September. The COVAX Facility, co-led by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi, and the World Health Organization (WHO), advocates for rapid, fair, and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines around the world. Since the first international shipment to Ghana on February 24, 2021, the COVAX Facility has already delivered over 313 mln. doses of COVID-19 vaccine to 145 territories. Due to a lack of donations, the COVAX Facility will not reach its original 2021 goal of 2 billion doses until early next year. However, the revised target of 1.2 bln. doses, which will be reached by the end of this year, is sufficient to protect 20% of the population, or 40% of all adults, in all but one recipient country.

COVAX mechanisms: vaccine dose sharing from national stockpile & advance market commitment (AMC)

Map of the Month 08/2021

The COVAX facility, co-led by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi, and the World Health Organization (WHO), consists of several parallel mechanisms to increase rapid, fair, and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines across the world. The Map of the Month of August visualizes the donor countries' contributions to two different structures via which the COVAX initiative obtains and distributes vaccines to the eligible 92 low- and middle-income economies. While COVAX allows for dose sharing from a donor country's existing national supply, the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC) mechanism raised funds from high- and low-income countries and worked with pharmaceutical partners before successful vaccine development and continues to pool financial resources so that doses can be produced and procured at scale as soon as vaccines receive regulatory approval.

Joint Statements on Xinjiang, Hong Kong and Tibet and further votes at 47th UN Human Rights Council

Map of the Month 07/2021

The 47th UN Human Rights Council met in Geneva from June 21 to July 14, 2021, marking its 15th anniversary. Important joint statements were made, among other things, on the human rights situation in Xinjiang, Hong Kong and Tibet or on the role of democracies. There were votes, among other things, on the human rights situation in the Ethiopian region of Tigray or on the question of whether the Council may discuss the situation of a country without its presence.

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About this series

The "Map of the Month", a new series of the Multilateral Dialogue Geneva of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, uses maps to illustrate global trends and the role of Germany and Europe in the world on a monthly basis.

Dr. Olaf Wientzek

Olaf Wientzek bild

Director of the Multilateral Dialogue Geneva

olaf.wientzek@kas.de +41 22 748 70 70