Single title

The Yemen War

by Fabian Blumberg

Actors, Interests and the Prospects of Negotiations
The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung has convened experts from Europe, Germany, the United States, and Yemen to provide informed opinions about the conflict in Yemen and on the best way to advance peace among the warring parties. In addition to an analysis of different local, regional and international perspectives on the conflict, the policy paper provides recommendations to German foreign policy.

Single title

The European Union’s Centres of Excellence Initiative on CBRN Risk Mitigation

by Nasser Bin Nasser

Innovative Approaches for the Disruptive Security Environment
This Policy Forum sets forth some of the most disruptive changes witnessed over the past decade, and assesses their impact on the security environment. It goes on to emphasize the need for security governance approaches and frameworks that are flexible and adaptive to changing security landscapes. In doing so, the Policy Forum exemplifies the European Union’s (EU) pursuit of such a framework to effectively address these changes, in the form of the EU Centres of Excellence Initiative on Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Risk Mitigation.

Single title

The Islamic State’s Acquisition and Use of Chemical Weapons

by Simeon Dukić

Assessing Past and Potential Threats
Policy Forum No. 2 and 3 are one article of two parts. Policy Forum No. 2 (Part I) assesses the threat posed by the possibility that the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (IS) could obtain and use chemical weapons (CW). It first reviews the salafi-jihadi doctrine of the group and argues that no ideological obstacles prevent it from obtaining and using unconventional weapons. It then examines IS’s current status and concludes that despite the group’s loss of territory and the collapse of its quasi-state structure, it still poses a significant threat to the security of the Middle East/Gulf. Finally, the Policy Forum analyzes the capabilities and intentions of IS to seek, develop and use chemical weapons on the territory of Syria and Iraq. It contends that has the intentions but its capabilities are very limited to developing crude CW. Policy Forum No. 3 (Part II) a continuation of Policy Forum No. 2, examines the CW attacks that the IS allegedly carried out in Syria and Iraq. It argues that there is sufficient evidence that the group has developed a rudimentary chemical weapons capability and has used sulfur mustard in Syria. The article also contextualizes the threat posed by the Islamic State’s CW capability by comparing it to the threat posed by other state and non-state actors’ deployment of this category of weapons. The Policy Forum then evaluates the future threat posed by the Islamic State’s use of CW in and outside the Middle East.

Single title

Countering CBRN Challenges amid Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Concerns in the Middle East/Gulf

by Bernd W. Kubbig

An Overview of This Policy Forum Series
Starting from the assumption that productive, solution-driven dialogue mechanisms are an indispensable element of any viable security concept, the new blue POLICY FORUM series of ten issues will assess an ongoing and promising international communication mechanism between states as well as among international organizations to counter the spread of CBRN weapons.

Country Reports


by Philipp Dienstbier, Manuel Schubert

Interview in the German-Saudi Business Magazine with Dr Manuel Schubert
As Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung’s (KAS) Regional Representative to the Gulf States since August 2017, Dr Manuel Schubert was interviewed in the latest German-Saudi Business Magazine’s “New Faces” section. He spoke about how he sees recent developments in the Kingdom and presented current and future projects of KAS.

Country Reports

Saudi-German Economic and Cultural Relations

by Manuel Schubert

Current state, challenges and opportunities from a German perspective
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Federal Republic of Germany have kept and enjoyed excellent economic bilateral relations for decades. German companies have been present at every step in the development process of Saudi Arabia’s economy. Saudi Arabia, in turn, has provided Germany with oil and derivatives. Today, Saudi Arabia is Germany’s second most important trading partner in the region, while Germany is the third largest importer to Saudi Arabia.

Country Reports

Climate Report 2017: Saudi Arabia

by Manuel Schubert, Peter Sendrowicz, Andreas Weinhut

Private Sector and Climate Finance in the G20 Countries
The Gulf States were opposed to international climate protection agreements for a long time. Their economic and political dependency on oil and gas was simply too great. In recent years, however, a paradigm shift has taken place: Following the lead of other Gulf States, Saudi Arabia is now also arriving at a more progressive climate protection policy.

Single title

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung mourns the loss of Helmut Kohl

On the death of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Chairman of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and former President of the European Parliament, Hans-Gert Pöttering, writes:

Country Reports

Merkels Besuch am Golf

by Elisabeth Teske, Andreas Weinhut, Manuel Schubert, Magdalene Strzedulla

In Vorbereitung des G20-Gipfels im Juli 2017 in Hamburg besuchte Angela Merkel vom 30. April bis zum 01. Mai Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate (VAE). Die Bundeskanzlerin traf unter anderem mit dem saudischen König Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, dem saudischen Kronprinzen Mohammed bin Nayef, dem Vizekronprinzen Mohammed bin Salman sowie dem Kronprinzen der VAE Scheich Mohammed bin Zayed al Nahyan zusammen. Kernthemen waren die Konflikte im Jemen und Syrien sowie die bilaterale Kooperation auf verschiedenen Ebenen.

Country Reports

„Die Zukunft selbst in die Hand nehmen“

by Gidon Windecker

Im absolutistischen Königreich Saudi-Arabien steckt politische und institutionelle Teilhabe nach wie vor in Kinderschuhen. Dennoch gibt es immer mehr junge Visionäre, die sich ihren eigenen Weg in die Zukunft bahnen - entschlossen nehmen sie Einfluss auf das Geschick ihrer Generation.
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