Reseearch Study on a Former Khmer Rouge Prison M-13

by Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum

The study of the history of the Khmer Rouge is a significant motive to prevent the future tragedy of violence and genocide from ever happening again. The examples of the regime’s violent acts are reflected through the experiences of forceful hard works, confiscation, torture, prisoning, and millions of innocent killings.

M-13 was used by the Khmer Rouge as the main prison from 1971 until April 1975 before it was transferred to S-21 when the regime took over the Phnom Penh capital. The research study of the M-13 allows us to understand the early stage of the Khmer Rouge ideology before it came to power.

With the support from Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Cambodia in the mission of peacekeeping and the endorsement of the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum has conducted field research on M-13. The project duration was between September and November 2020 when 16 M-13 survivors and former M-13 officers were interviewed in detail over the past situation at that time. The research findings give us various inputs to identify the Khmer Rouge’s original ideology.




Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum


Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum and KAS Cambodia