REUTERS / Matthias Rietschel

Right-Wing Extremism

Right-Wing Extremism

We recognise that 76 years after the Shoah, we have an obvious and threatening problem with right-wing extremism and racism.

Boris Rhein, President of the Hessian State Parliament

Concept and Problem

As is well known, right-wing extremism in its various forms and manifestations has a long tradition in Europe and especially in Germany. The term, as we use it today, originated in the German authorities, which used it to designate the “distance of a certain political spectrum from the most important values of the Basic Law (human rights, democracy, and rule of law). Right-wing extremism which has emerged in the Federal Republic since 1949, uncompromisingly rejects democracy as “un-German” or a “dictate of occupation”, and wants to replace it with a system that is more or less reminiscent of the political order of the defunct National Socialism” (Rudolf van Hüllen). From a scientific perspective, there are, however, differences to National Socialism under the Third Reich.

The right-wing extremism we talk of today describes a fascist, contemptuous ideology that rejects a pluralistic and democratic society and is therefore directed against our liberal democratic fundamental order and thus the constitution. The ideology of right-wing extremism assumes the right of the strongest, whereby it is oriented towards a racist image of humanity. In Germany, the ideology is particularly characterised by xenophobia and anti-Semitism.

 

Right-Wing Extremism Must Be Fought Against Consistently and Continually

The murder of Walter Lübcke as well as terrorist attacks in Halle and Hanau have raised our society’s awareness about a danger of which we should never have lost sight – at least since the NSU murders: Right-wing extremism is a direct problem within our society, representing a danger to millions of our fellow citizens. The victims of the most recent attacks exemplify the enemy stereotype of right-wing extremists and show which groups or people are most affected by the danger. Politics and authorities must protect these people while at the same time preventing right-wing extremist ideology from spreading to the centre of society.

In order to overcome this challenge, we need stronger democratic institutions that are consistently committed to fighting right-wing extremism. This includes the preventative approach of political education and the offer of support and de-radicalisation after leaving right-wing extremist circles. Equally important, however, is the work of the police and constitutional protection offices, which need to take the prosecution of endangerers, and thus potential right-wing extremists, seriously, and make it their priority.

At the same time, more attention needs to be paid to international developments. The global networking of right-wing extremists has increased dramatically in recent years, and particularly with the help of digital channels, has crossed language and national borders. For a few years, both experts and authorities have been observing how European and American right-wing extremists travel to countries – mainly in Eastern Europe – where there is conflict, or which are known for training right-wing extremists in the use of weapons and explosives. After returning to their home countries, these people may become a danger there.

 

Mission Democracy! Us Against Right-Wing Extremism

As the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, we stand against all forms of extremism and align our work accordingly. In cooperation with experts, politicians, associations, organisations, and citizens, we encourage discussion on this phenomenon of right-wing extremism, and play our role in preserving democracy.


Extremism Project

In collaboration with experts, we have drawn up a series of different articles in a comprehensive extremism project, which aim to inform and educate about a wide range of aspects, such as right-wing extremism.

Editorial

Editorial

 

The editorial gives you a short thematic introduction to the project. Here you will find, among other things, a list of all authors who have been involved in the texts of the five chapters “Fundamentals”, “Structural”, “Goals”, “Self-conception”, and “Communication”.

 

On the editorial

Fundamentals

Grundsätzliches

 

The “Fundamentals” chapter deals with the functioning and basics of right-wing extremism. With various contributions, we provide information on the many questions that arise in connection with the term. What is right-wing extremism and what distinguishes it? What is fascism and National Socialism really about? What role do anti-Semitism and racism play? We also address questions on right-wing extremists’ image of reality or their relationship to violence as means of politics in this section.

 

On the “Fundamentals” chapter

Structural

Strukturelles

 

In the “Structural” chapter, we clarify right-wing extremist forms of organisation and the special features of the neo-Nazi scene. How do right-wing extremism and terrorism relate to each other? Which neo-Nazi parties and small parties exist in Germany besides the NPD? What are autonomous nationalists and free comradeships? This section will also provide relevant information on rather loose groups such as the Reichtsbürgerbewegung (Reich Citizenship Movement).

 

On the “Structural” chapter

Goals

Ziele

 

In the “Goals” chapter, the main focus is placed on the long-term objectives pursued by right-wing extremists. In this context, we discuss common questions on the design of political, economic and social conditions as sought by right-wing extremists. This includes, for example, clarification of common terms in right-wing extremist jargon such as “Volksgemeinschaft” (people’s community) or “Natürliche Ordnung” (natural order).

 

On the “Goals” chapter

Self-Conception

Selbstverständnis

 

In the “Self-conception” chapter, you will find articles that deal with the role models of right-wing extremists, among other things. Who were Otto Ernst Remer or Rudolf Hess, for example? Why do right-wing extremists glorify criminal organisations such as the Waffen-SS? How do modern right-wing extremists relate to and identify themselves with historical National Socialism? Issues such as historical revisionism and the perception of the Holocaust and the Shoa from the perspective of right-wing extremists will also be discussed in this section.

 

On the “Self-conception” chapter

Communication

Kommunikation

 

The “Communication” chapter is primarily dedicated to codes, symbols and the clothing of right-wing extremists. In this context, typical scene music as well as common means of communication and deception to win new supports for the right-wing scene are also addressed.

 

On the “Communication” chapter


 

Publication Projects

Democracy cannot be taken for granted. It needs to be lived, cultivated and, if necessary, actively defended – whether that be against right-wing extremist tendencies or other dangers. Our publication project on “Defensive Democracy” is devoted to the protection of our democracy, and illustrates topics such as extremism, radicalisation, populism, nationalism or revisionism, to name a few.

Defensive Democracy

Illustration des Reichstagsgebäudes shutterstock/Carabus • Karl-Michael Constien und racken GmbH, Berlin • yellow too, Pasiek Horntrich GbR

 

Russia’s attack on Ukraine has catapulted the question of the defensibility of democracy to the fore of public interest. Yet, tanks and rockets are not the only threat to our free society. Our democracy is exposed to many dangers, which are addressed in our book of essays and a major campaign.

 

Learn more about the topic “Defensive Democracy” or go directly to the essay collection “die wehrhafte(re) Demokratie” (The (More) Defensive Democracy).


 

Didactic Offers

With our DigitalAkademie Pupil and Teacher Academies, we present pupils and teachers with a specific offer when it comes to preventing extremism online.

DigitalAkademie

DigitalAkademie Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V.

 

The digital world presents teachers and pupils with enormous challenges. Even though digitalisation opens up a plethora of opportunities and harbours great potential for new diverse or unusual methods and concepts of teaching, the internet is also a space of uncertainty, fake news and seduction.

Extremists in particular use the net to influence young people and young adults. As part of our Pupil and Teacher Academies, we offer a wide range of services in extremism prevention, with which we not only warn against this kind of influence, but also raise general awareness of the issue. We explain extremist methods on the net, help to identify extremism on the net and provide teachers with the tools to confidently address incidents and experiences with extremism in the classroom.

 

Learn more about services offered by the DigitalAkademie


 

Working Group

In 2015, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung established the Working Group Terrorism and Domestic Security. It sees itself as a network for experts on these issues.

Working Group Terrorism and Domestic Security

The Working Group Terrorism and Domestic Security focuses on the threat posed by Islamist, left- and ring-wing extremism, among other things. Members of the Working Group regularly get together to exchange views on political developments and current problems and to work out solutions.

 

Learn more about the Working Group Terrorism and Domestic Security


Contact

Felix Neumann

Felix Neumann

Counter-extremism and counter-terrorism

felix.neumann@kas.de +49 30 26996-3879
kurzum
Brett Davis / flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0 / creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/
January 11, 2021
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Single title
Reuters / Kai Pfaffenbach
February 24, 2020
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Facts and Findings
© picture alliance / Geisler-Fotopress
January 15, 2019
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Publications to the topic

Radikalisierung und Extremismus – vom schwierigen Umgang mit roten Linien
Radikalisierung und Extremismus – vom schwierigen Umgang mit roten Linien
Handlungsempfehlungen für eine wehrhafte Demokratie
Thomas Haldenwang und Horst Seehofer reuters/Fabrizio Bensch
Einschätzung zum Verfassungsschutzbericht 2020
Die Gefahrenlage durch Extremisten jeglicher Couleur nimmt zu
Sturm auf das US-Kapitol am 6. Januar 2021 Brett Davis / flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0 / creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/
Sturm auf die Parlamente
Anmerkungen zum Umgang mit der neurechten Symbolstrategie
 iStock.com/Marek Trawczynski; iStock.com/jpa1999; pixabay iStock.com/Marek Trawczynski; iStock.com/jpa1999; pixabay
Verblüffende Ähnlichkeiten unter Gegnern
Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen Rechtsextremismus und Islamismus
A man adjusts a very large European flag. Francois Lenoir, Reuters
Simple Explanations
Why Nationalists in Europe Grow Stronger
Kas.de
Verführung und Wertschätzung
Herausforderungen durch „neu-rechte“ Modernisierer
Polizeiabsperrung eines Tatortes in Hanau, 20. Februar 2020 Reuters / Kai Pfaffenbach
Rechter Terror in Deutschland – Wie in Hanau das Unsagbare machbar wurde
Nauel Semaan, Expertin für Terrorismusbekämpfung, analysiert das Täter-Manifest, dessen Radikalisierung und die Rolle der Politik
© picture alliance / Geisler-Fotopress picture alliance / Geisler-Fotopress
Rechtsextreme Gewalt in Deutschland vor dem Hintergrund der „Flüchtlings- und Migrationskrise“
Auf dem Weg in einen neuen Rechtsterrorismus?
Kas.de
Zum Weltbild der Neuen Rechten in Deutschland
Die geistige Einheit der Welt_ Politisch-kulturelle Reflexionen zu Pazifismus, Nationalismus und Exil (Cover)
Die geistige Einheit der Welt: Politisch-kulturelle Reflexionen zu Pazifismus, Nationalismus und Exil...
Publikation anlässlich des 75. Todesjahres von Stefan Zweig
Kas.de
Ich sehe was, was Du nicht siehst, und das ist braun…
Eine Replik
Politischer Extremismus im Vergleich (Cover)
Politischer Extremismus im Vergleich
Beiträge zur politischen Bildung
Kas.de
Am Tropf des verhassten „Systems“
Der Ausschluss der NPD von der staatlichen Teilfinanzierung als Sanktionsinstrument?
Kas.de
Zu bedeutungslos für ein Verbot
Die Entwicklung der NPD seit 2013
Kas.de
Wirklich so enthemmt?
Über eine Studie zu rechtsextremistischen Einstellungen in der Mitte
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Moskau und die Rechten
Wie radikale Gruppierungen Unterstützung von Moskau erhalten
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Hetze, Hass und Gewalt
Wie die rechte Szene auf steigende Asylbewerberzahlen reagiert
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Virtuelle Gewalt ernst nehmen
Die offene Gesellschaft findet ihre modernen Feinde in der fragmentierten Echogesellschaft des Internets.
Kas.de
Politischer Extremismus in Griechenland
Zulauf am linken wie vor allem auch am rechten Rand
Kas.de
The far-right Jobbik party and the situation of political extremism in Hungary

Events on the topic

Jan

2023

Potsdam
Denktag: Leben mit Auschwitz
Zum internationalen Denktag sprechen wir mit Andrea von Treuenfeld, Dr. Olaf Glöckner und Jevgeni Kutikov über die Aufarbeitung des Holocausts und jüdisches Leben in Deutschland.

Event reports on the topic

Kas.de
Eine Lehrstunde in Sachen Meinungsfreiheit
Veranstaltungsbericht zum Gespräch mit Stephan J. Kramer am 22.06.
Enthemmung linker Gewalt im „Kampf gegen Rechts“ KAS Bremen
Enthemmung linker Gewalt im „Kampf gegen Rechts“
Online-Abendveranstaltung mit Prof. Dr. Klaus Schroeder
Bild vom Vortrag
Von Rechtsextremismus zu Rechtsterrorismus
Radikalisierung am rechten Rand
Der Rechtsextremismus im Fokus des Verfassungsschutzes
„Die Szene wird dezentraler, spontaner und digitaler“
1. Digitaler "Talk im Bahnhof" unter der Schirmherrschaft von Ansgar Heveling MdB
Prof. Dr. Uwe Backes Prof. Dr. Uwe Backes
Europas „moderner“ Rechtsextremismus
Online-Abendveranstaltung mit Prof. Dr. Uwe Backes
Prof. Dr. Stefan Goertz
Veranstaltungsbericht: Aktuelle Trends des Rechtsextremismus
Dr. Rudolf van Hüllen, Politikwissenschaftler und Publizist Dr. Rudolf van Hüllen
„Geschichte des Rechtsextremismus in Deutschland. Ein Überblick“
Online-Schulveranstaltung
Webseite Mannewitz
„Die Geschichte der AfD ist eine Geschichte der Radikalisierung“
Die Polizei: Freund und Helfer oder Feindbild? open source_police-378255_1920_pixaby
Veranstaltungsbericht: Die Polizei - Freund und Helfer oder Feindbild?
Ein digitales Mittagsgespräch mit Armin Schuster MdB und Prof. Dr. Ralf Poscher
Davidstern Pixabay/hurk
Jüdisches Leben in der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (Verfasserin: Saskia Hübner)
Axel Heidrich
Extremismus in Brandenburg
Gefahren durch Rechtsextremis und Islamismus
Marian Wendt, MdB KAS
Die Zukunft der Extremismusprävention im digitalen Raum
Bild4
17. Auflage der Ahauser Schlossrunde mit Wolfgang Bosbach
Kas.de
Geschichten, die in Erinnerung bleiben
Exkursion in die KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme
Kas.de
Eine Mahnung in unruhigen Zeiten
Exkursion in die Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen
Kas.de
Für Demokratie - Gegen Extremismus
Kas.de
Nebel im August. Die Lebensgeschichte des Ernst Lossa
Lesungen und Begegnungen mit dem Autor Robert Domes
Kas.de
Bessere Vernetzung der Sicherheitsbehörden notwendig
Drei Experten diskutieren in Berlin über Terrorismus durch NSU, IS und RAF
Kas.de
„Ihre Ideologie hat keine hohen Ansprüche“
„Die ‚Reichsbürger‘ - zwischen Spinnerei und Rechtsextremismus“
Kas.de
Zu Gast aus Israel: Zwi Nigal erzählt aus seinem Leben
Zeitzeugengespräche an Freiburger Schulen | 30.01.18-03.02.18

Media library

Jugendpolitiktag 2018
Welche Merkmale hat der Rechtsextremismus?
Michael Flenker vom Innenministerium Mecklenburg-Vorpommern klärt im Rahmen des Jugendpolitiktages 2018 „Für Demokratie - Gegen Extremismus“ über rechtsextreme Ideologie auf.
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Jugendpolitiktag 2018
Warum haben Sie sich damals für den Rechtsextremismus entschieden? (Teil 2)
Stefan Rochow war früher bei der NPD und ist ausgestiegen. Im zweiten Teil des Interviews berichtet er über seine Beweggründe zum Ausstieg aus der Szene.
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Jugendpolitiktag 2018
Warum haben Sie sich damals für den Rechtsextremismus entschieden? (Teil 1)
Stefan Rochow war früher bei der NPD und ist ausgestiegen. Im Interview berichtet er über seine Motive und seine Unzufriedenheit, die zu seinem Engagement in der NPD geführt haben.
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