Country Reports

Politische Kurzberichte der KAS-Auslandsbüros

2019

The Jordanian 2019 Income Tax Law

by Leontine von Felbert

A new Jordanian income tax law and its previous drafts sparked large protest starting in May 2018. As the new provisions within the law only directly affect around 10% of working Jordanians, they can hardly be understood to be the sole reason for the popular anger. Instead the law came in a context of steep price hikes, high poverty rates and a widespread feeling that government corruption prevents efficient use of taxpayer money. This country report looks at the new income tax law and its provisions; it highlights the challenges to the law and notes that it has brought to the open wider social discontent that is being expressed through an attitude of non-cooperation towards the government.

2018

EU-Jordan Trade Agreement

by Shereen Abbadi

Overview and Implementation Status
In February 2016, as the Syria refugee crisis started to peak, the international community held a conference in London to discuss a joint response to the crisis: It heralded a decisive paradigm shift in European development cooperation, away from short-term emergency aid to long-term strengthening of initial host country resilience. A core outcome of the conference was the Jordan Compact — an agreement between Jordan, the European Union, and the World Bank. This study aims to give an overview on Jordan’s economy and to reflect on the progress of the Compact implementation two years on.

2018

#JordanStrikes

by Annette Ranko, Leontine von Felbert, Bayan Al-Halawani

Protests and Government Change in the Hashemite Kingdom
The protests in Jordan that began with a nationwide strike on Wednesday, May 30th, were the largest, most sustained in years, and were supported by a broad base of the population. Thousands of people organised on social media using hashtags such as #JordanStrikes. The protests were the immediate reaction to the Amended Income Tax Draft Law that was meant to address the kingdom’s serious debt and fiscal deficit by increasing revenue through taxes. Yet, frustration had long built up in the population as the economy of Jordan has been in decline for years.

2018

Country portrait Jordan: Forms of extremism

From an exporter to a target of Islamist fighters?
While Jordan was not a primary target of Islamist terror in the past, relevant jihadist fighters and thinkers come from Jordan, such as Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, former al-Qaeda leader in Iraq, who was killed in 2006 by an American air strike in Iraq, or the Palestinian-Jordanian Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi, who is considered one of the most influential jihadist ideologues in the world.

2017

Business and Professional Women in Jordan

by Stefanie Turkanik, Annette Ranko

Despite showing remarkable rates of female education, a factor usually leading to higher levels of employment, Jordan continues to have one of the world’s lowest rates of women’s formal workforce participation at only 15%. Nevertheless, success stories of Jordanian women who managed to overcome barriers and establish their own businesses do exist. With this article we would like to draw attention to positive examples of Jordanian businesswomen, as they have the power to motivate and inspire others.

2017

Decentralization Efforts in Jordan

by Annette Ranko, Marco Lotz, Hala Abu Ghazaleh, Imke Haase

The Municipal and Governorate Council Elections of August 2017
The governorate and municipal council elections of August 2017 were part and parcel of Jordan’s plans to formalize a framework for the country’s decentralization, building on plans of King Abdullah II. This framework was bolstered by new laws passed in 2015 which introduced the governorate council as a new, elected subnational advisory body. While the new governorate councils have the potential to increase local participation in the formulation of local development needs and service-provision, they have no legislative authority.

2017

Vow Renewal

by Manuel Schubert, Stefanie Turkanik, Mona Deeb, Imke Haase

Jordan and the US at the Beginning of the Trump Era
While Donald Trump’s executive orders and the focus of his administration on “America first” have left many political leaders in the world with sentiments ranging from apprehension and anticipation to dread and fear, the relationship between the United States and the Jordanian government is stronger than ever.

2017

Jordan’s cabinet re-(re-)-shuffled

by Mona Koehler-Schindler, Manuel Schubert, Imke Haase

A window of opportunity for reforms in Jordan?
At a time of deteriorating economic conditions and security challenges Prime Minister Hani Mulki, appointed by HM King Abdullah in May last year, conducted a re-shuffle to his cabinet on 15 January 2017. The changes were approved by a Royal decree and are affecting major portfolios. It is the second re-shuffle to Mulki’s cabinet after less than seven months in office and includes six new ministers.

2015

Jordanian reactions to the recent escalations in Jerusalem and the Palestinian territories

by Otmar Oehring, Mona Koehler-Schindler

At least 53 Palestinians have been killed and 9 Israelis have been stabbed or shot dead since the beginning of October. The newest wave of violence in Jerusalem – the city which is sacred to the three major religions in the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam – has some observers warning about the possibility of a third intifada. While it is too early to draw such conclusions, it is clear that the old conflict between Israelis and Palestinians has reached another peak.

2015

The Situation of Syrian refugees in Jordan

PUSH AND PULL FACTORS FOR THE SYRIAN REFUGEE INFLUX TO GERMANY
The conflict in Syria is in its fifth year and no political or diplomatic breakthrough seems to be in sight. More than 4.086.760 people have already fled the country and with the war further escalating, more and more are pushed to seek refuge - mainly in the countries neighboring Syria. Globally one in five refugees is Syrian and until a durable peace settlement has been negotiated, the numbers of Syrian refugees worldwide will further rise.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.