Single title

Climate Change and Energy Security in the Anthropocene. Africa in the Light of the Paris Climate Protection Agreement

by Oliver C. Ruppel, Arne Wulff

published in: KAS International Reports: Climate. Energy. Security. (Issue 2/2016)

Africa is affected particularly strongly by the impacts of climate change. The continent, home to 1.2 billion people, many of whom live below the poverty line, is experiencing more frequent instances of drought and torrential rain. The implementation of the Paris Climate Protection Agreement of December 2015 will depend substantially on the steps African states will be prepared to take to drive their further development while making efforts to minimise the emission of greenhouse gases.

In an era shaped mainly by human activity, the so-called Anthropocene, the consequences of human activities are intimately linked to the observable changes in the climate. With respect to Africa, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated in its Fifth Assessment Report that there is likely to be a two degree Celsius increase in temperature compared to the average global surface temperature in the late 20th century. It is also likely that there will be a steeper rise in surface temperatures in Africa compared to global average, particularly in the more arid regions. There, the impacts are already being felt today across national borders.