Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

KAS Vietnam

Vietnam vor dem Parteikongress – Gestärkt durch die Krise?

Der Nationalkongress der Kommunistischen Partei Vietnams stellt die Weichen für die kommenden fünf Jahre

Ende Januar 2021 steht der 13. Nationalkongress der Kommunistischen Partei Vietnams an. Auf diesem wird die politische Führung neu bestimmt werden. Die Ergebnisse des Kongresses werden die künftige innen- und außenpolitische Richtung bestimmen und wegweisend für die Wirtschaft Vietnams in den kommenden fünf Jahren sein. Ein Rückblick auf die vergangenen Monate zeigt, dass die Partei gestärkt in Klausur geht. Insgesamt war 2020 für Vietnam ein schwieriges und zugleich erfolgreiches Jahr. Der Umgang mit der Covid-19-Pandemie stellte das Land vor enorme Herausforderungen, die aber gesundheitspolitisch und wirtschaftlich im weltweiten Vergleich sehr gut bewältigt wurden. Gleichzeitig hatte Vietnam mit Beginn der UN-Sicherheitsratsmitgliedschaft und dem ASEAN-Vorsitz auf der internationalen Bühne in einer Doppelverantwortung zu bestehen. Mit Näherrücken des Parteitages wurde gleichzeitig sichtbar, dass die Partei ihre umfassende Macht und das politische System gegen jede Kritik vehement verteidigt.

Hang Pham

Synthesizing and Approving the Final Accounts of Provincial Budget

Experts share experiences in verifying and approving provincial budget with officers of people's councils and people's committees in the Northern region.

The National Assembly’s Finance and Budget Committee and KAS Vietnam jointly organized a seminar in Ha Long city in order to arm officials of People’s Councils and People’s Committee in the Northern region with the skills in synthesizing and approving the final accounts of provincial budget.

Training seminar

Criminal Liability of Legal Entities

The criminal liability of commercial legal persons is new [to many countries not only Vietnam, as before, it was considered as administrative sanctions only] but a compulsory regulation in legal system, particularly in the time of rapid, complicated and integrated economic development for both Vietnam and other countries in the world. Vietnam, a rapid developing country, a destination for many foreign investors, a social oriented market economy…thus enhancing legal system to timely prevent and counter violated acts committed by commercial legal person is a Must. Given that, today, 30 September 2020, KAS Vietnam in collaboration with The Criminal and Administrative Legislation Department, Ministry of Justice co-organised a training seminar on “Raising awareness of law enforcement officers on criminal liability of legal entities in criminal law”. Speaking at opening remarks, Mr. Peter Girke, KAS Country Representative highly appreciated Vietnam’s political will in enhancement of the national legal framework and also applauded Vietnam as one of pioneers in criminalization liability of legal entities. Peter Girke also shared that in Germany, a criminal verdict is tied to the ethical question of whether an individual’s conduct presents an autonomous decision to violate rules and duties. There is a basic assumption that only individuals can take such autonomous decisions. Therefore, only individuals can be held liable for their behavior. However, that does not mean that legal entities would get away with it entirely in Germany. Where the German Criminal Code would hinder prosecution of legal persons, still the individuals acting on behalf of that legal person would be held liable instead – which, however, may be difficult for example if several individuals worked in a collective at a company. More than 100 participants coming from different law enforcement agencies from central to provincial levels, including prosecutors, judges and polices shall have full day for sharing their practical experiences, difficulties and challenges in their work. This activity is under the umbrella of the big program State Rules of Law which was agreed by the two governments Vietnam and Germany. Mr. Do Duc Hien, Director General, The Department of Administrative and Criminal Legislation showed his gratitude to KAS continuous support to MOJ over the years and hope that this seminar training will help providing knowledge and information that benefit for all practitioners.

International Relations in the Asia-Pacific Region: The Role of the EU and the Us

Experts discuss security policies of the EU and the US in the Asia-Pacific region

KAS Vietnam and the University of Social Sciences and Humanities today (Sep. 29th) successfully organized the workshop entitled “International Relations in the Asia-Pacific Region: the role of the EU and the US”. Speakers at the workshop were Deputy Head and First Counsellor of the EU Delegation - Mrs. Axelle Nicaise, German Ambassador to Vietnam - Dr. Guido Hildner, the USA Embassy’s Political Counselor - Mr. Noah Zaring, Head of Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ European Department - Mr. Dinh Toan Thang and Director of the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam’s Strategic Institute - Dr. Le Dinh Tinh.

ASEAN And The Rules Based Regional Order In The Making

Rules-based [international] order is defined as the notion that all are bound by a global set of rules, an international law above power. After the Second World War the United States sought to create a more rules-based international order and drove the creation of new institutions, chiefly the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization. Order is necessary to reduce chaos. But whether the international order is just, fair, depends on the type of international order it is. Many “realists” argue that the rules-based order is a fiction and that international relations are still determined by power. Truth is somewhere in the middle. International relations are not defined exclusively by either power or rules, and the distinction between the two is not always clear cut The idea of a “Rules-Based Global Order”, and the need for it, has risen to prominence in recent years. Various ideas of a “rules-based global order” have been promoted by various countries and organizations. However, the concept of a “rules-based global order” is still ambiguous. At the regional level, a big concern today is that multiple “orders” start to emerge. However, it is necessary to explore a possible existence of consensus on a rules-based regional order. ASEAN countries are among top affected when set rules lose cohesion and abidance. ASEAN is severely tested, adrift and divided. It is imperative for ASEAN to finds constructive solutions to maintain its relevance and centrality in regional processes. A big question for ASEAN now is to explore the possible existence of consensus on RBO, what rules are to be followed, what visions actors have about the institutions that must be used to establish the rules, what their mechanisms would be, and how decisions are reached within them? Today’s topic is very on time and useful for ASEAN and Vietnam itself, especially in its years as chairmanship of ASEAN. Policy recommendation is expected as follow-up of this workshop. KAS and DAV hope this conference provided a good platform for exchanging ideas among scholars in ASEAN and ASEAN’s partners on the reshaping of a new regional rules-based order and ASEAN’s role in the process.

Vietnam – Partner for Prosperity through Free Trade and Innovation

A Case Study from the Partner-Atlas

A "socialist-oriented market economy"determines the economy of Vietnam. More than three decades of continuous economic growth and political stability have resulted in communist-ruled Vietnam establishing itself as an influential actor not only in Southeast Asia. Vietnam is, for example, linked to the EU through the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) that recently came into effect, and to Germany through a Strategic Partnership.

Der Partner-Atlas / Vietnam

Die Weltpolitik befindet sich in einer besonderen Phase: Die Europäische Union und das transatlantische Verhältnis sind sehr gefordert. Multilaterale Institutionen und Regelwerke werden infrage gestellt. Die liberale Weltordnung steht unter Druck. Viele sprechen schon von einer neuen Weltordnung – in einer solchen Phase muss es für die deutsche Außenpolitik auch darum gehen, Partnerschaften jenseits von EU und NATO zu stärken. Einige dieser Partnerschaften sind bereits heute fest etabliert, andere gilt es auszuloten, neu zu knüpfen und auszubauen.

UNSC Simulation Game: A co-organised activity between KAS Vietnam, DAV and CRISP Berlin

Currently, both Vietnam and German are non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Councils. That is why the Diplomatic Academy and KAS chose the setting of the UNSC as this year’s topic for the simulation game The simulation was designed to help students to understand how UNSC works and how members interact with each other. 32 key players represented 15 countries (2 players per team) who are permanent and non-permanent members of UNSC plus two rapporteurs. Over several days, including preparation with training, in the simulation game they discussed and drafted a resolution for the operation of the UN mission MINUSMA in Mali. This activity was designed to introduce a simulation as educational tools for students to enhance their analytical and practical skills. It was aimed to put students in a choreographed scenario with concrete roles to play and specific purposes to complete. The students were expected to study and analyze the scenario by given materials and additional readings. Later on, they were pushed to play assigned roles and behave accordingly. The game provided a safe space, in which the participants could experience the dynamics of conflictual situations and experiment with different types of behavior. As the participants were stepping into roles which might be very different from their own, they also could develop their empathy and understanding of other positions and perspectives Overall, the project was seen as a pilot step to introduce simulation as a means to develop students' skills, expertise and relational abilities into the DAV curriculum. Another outcome of the activity was to provide a tool for students to test whether concepts, models and theories learned by textbooks and during classes would have concrete utility and help explain the realities. The simulation was designed to help students to understand how the UNSC works and how members interact with each other. This is the second time KAS Vietnam supported DAV to organize a simulation game with the participation of students. In 2019, the ASEAN Simulation Game, also with support and material from CRISP Berlin, received great appreciation of both students and DAV lecturers. This co-initiated and co-organised activity by the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, KAS Vietnam and CRISP represented a joint effort to innovate teaching methods in Vietnam.

Zack Lee/flickr/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Vietnam in ASEAN und UN - Regionale und globale Verantwortung im Doppelpack

Was Vietnams Mitgliedschaft im UN-Sicherheitsrat und der ASEAN-Vorsitz ab Anfang 2020 für das aufstrebende südostasiatische Land bedeuten

Der 1. Januar 2020 wird ein bedeutender Tag für Vietnam. Dann nämlich übernimmt das Land offiziell für zwei Jahre seinen Sitz als nicht-ständiges Mitglied im UN-Sicherheitsrat. Gleichzeitig geht für ein Jahr auch der ASEAN-Vorsitz von Thailand auf Vietnam über. Angesichts dieser zumindest temporär gestie-genen und doppelten Verantwortung wird sich Vietnam großer internationaler und regionaler Heraus-forderungen annehmen müssen. Protektionismus und Nationalismus, territoriale Streitigkeiten wie bei-spielsweise im Südchinesischen Meer und der Klimawandel sind auf der Agenda. In den vergangenen Jahren hat sich Vietnam auf regionaler und internationaler Ebene trotz Defizite in den Bereichen Men-schenrechte und Rechtsstaatlichkeit den Ruf eines proaktiven und multilateral handelnden Akteurs er-arbeitet und als einflussreicher Akteur in der Region etabliert. Die neue Doppelverantwortung stellt nun eine Chance dar, diesen Ruf zu festigen, auch wenn es eine schwierige Aufgabe werden dürfte, die ei-genen und von außen herangetragenen Erwartungen zu erfüllen.

Interview: Peter Girke über Ho Chi Minh, den "Übervater der Nation"

Von Joachim Heinz (KNA)

Hanoi (KNA) Vor 50 Jahren, am 2. September 1969, starb Ho Chi Minh. Im Interview der Katholischen Nachrichten-Agentur (KNA) ordnet Peter Girke die Bedeutung des Revolutionärs für das heutige Vietnam ein.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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