"Small" States in International Politics

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Helmut Kohl once expressed one of the fundamental principles of his European policy as follows: “The small countries in the European Union deserve as much respect as the large ones. The significance of a Member State cannot be measured by the size of its population or the square kilometers it occupies.” While Kohl was concerned with Europe, of course the principle applies beyond its borders.

Microstate and Superpower

The Vatican in International Politics

The Holy See has taken part in central global political decisions and events since the second half of the 20th century. In doing so it falls back on foreign policy networks and non-classical power resources. Since the inauguration of Pope Francis, the international significance of the Holy See has grown.

Role or Rule?

The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan 2014-2015

The Pakistani military uses the legitimacy crisis of the government to expand its influence on the public and the country's economy. The failure to solve the current crisis and the inability of civilian law enforcement agencies to enforce law and order increasingly weaken the position of Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif.

Search for the Third Border

Mongolian Foreign Policy between Russia and China

Mongolian foreign policy after 1990 was dominated by the aim to develop into a responsible and democratic actor and to diversify political and economic relations. The existing dependence on Russia and China makes Mongolian foreign policy a balancing act. Despite disappointed expectations, Mongolian third neighbour policy is logical and without alternative.

The Developmental and Political Role of Africa’s Pentecostal Churches

Pentecostal movements have proliferated in sub-Saharan Africa. Their political and social values are seen by many as the driving force of modernity in Africa. Yet, these churches are not geared primarily to policy and development, nor are they non-governmental organisations or components of civil society.

The End of Neutrality and Non-Alignment?

Finland is Seeking Stronger Nordic and Regional Cooperation in its Foreign and Security Policy

Against the backdrop of rising security risks and a vulnerable economic situation, the new government of Finland announced strengthening the Nordic cooperation, participation in European security and defense policy and cooperation with the NATO. The country thus forgoes its principles of non-alignment in peacetime and neutrality in the event of military conflict.

Australia’s New Refugee Policy and the Implications for Cambodia and Southeast Asia

With regard to the current refugee crisis, the European Union has so far not been able to agree on a common approach. In the search for more effective approaches, some point to the Australian refugee policy. However, in order to assess whether the Australian approach can be a model for European migration policy, it is mandatory not only to look at Australia and short-term effects of this policy, but also to discuss the long-term effects on the entire region.


How many refugees can Germany accept? How can an equitable sharing of the burden in Europe be organised? And what will be the consequences of the influx of hundreds of thousands of people on the cohesion of the societies affected? These are just some of the questions that are currently occupying the minds of politicians, businesspeople and society in Germany and Europe in equal measure. However, there is another aspect that is not receiving much attention and that Chancellor Merkel therefore made a point of emphasising during a speech on the occasion of the UN Development Summit in New York.

Germany – A "Developing Country"

Towards a Sustainable Future with the "2030 Agenda"

The Agenda 2030 is another important step on the way to equal opportunities and better living conditions around the world - a path that began in 1992 with the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio. It is a unique global total project, which will pose a number of challenges to the international community in the future. In addition to the Memorandum of Understanding and the list of objectives of the Agenda 2030, its financing framework and the so-called monitoring procedure play a particularly important role.

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This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

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