Ammar Awad, Reuters

Between the Frontlines

On the Role of Palestinian Christians

The region between the Mediterranean and Jordan, as well as beyond, is considered to be holy by the three monotheistic world religions. Judaism represents a majority in Israel, while Islam represents a majority in the Palestinian Territories. However, Christians living on both sides of the Green Line – which is the demarcation line that separates Israelis and Palestinians – are a minority in both. Waves of emigration, which started about one hundred years ago, are one of the main reasons for the declining number of Christians in the region. At the birthplace of Christianity, of all places, one is confronted with the question about its continued presence there in the future. What are the current trends emerging within the Christian communities today?

A New Stage in the Rivalry Between the Great Powers?

How China, India and the USA Are Competing for Influence in the Indian Ocean

As the geopolitical and geo-economic importance of the Indian Ocean continues to grow, economic and strategic interests threaten to make it a more frequent scene of rivalries between the great powers India, the USA and China. Along with the Pacific, the Indian Ocean is thereby one of the main stages for potential conflict between old and new powers. But the European Union, and especially Germany, should also be doing more to defend their interests in the Indian Ocean.

Benoit Tessier, Reuters

An African Afghanistan?

On the German Troop Deployment in Mali

A lack of state structures, frequent attacks by Islamic extremists, poverty, and a steady expansion of military involvement on the part of Europe – in German public debate, the mission in Mali is compared to the situation in Afghanistan. Despite all efforts, strong words and support from Western nations, efforts have failed to significantly weaken the Islamists. Vast swathes of the country are beyond the control of the central government, allowing the Malian desert to become a haven for terrorist groups. Why is Germany involved, what is the situation today, and what does the future look like?


The “golden age of security”, as the Austrian writer Stefan Zweig characterised the time before the First World War, ended just over 100 years ago. After the atrocities of two world wars and the end of the so-called Cold War, many hoped that the cessation of the East-West conflict would herald the beginning of a new era of security – but those remaining hopes were shattered no later than the terrorist attacks of 9/11.

Christopher Herwig, Reuters

From Trinkets to Values

China’s Engagement in Africa Also Has an Ideological Dimension

China’s engagement in Africa attracts both enthusiastic proponents and vehement critics. Does Beijing have a master plan for subjugating the entire African continent? What is certain is that Africa is part of China’s global strategy, in which disinformation and propaganda appear to be as important when it comes to protecting Chinese interests as trade relationships and naval bases.

Invisible Enemies

Why Viruses and Bacteria Constitute a Security Policy Issue

Diseases are hardly a thing of the past. In fact, it is quite the contrary, as the risk of rapid spread of infectious diseases is greater than ever before. For this reason and because of their drastic socio-economic consequences, epidemics and pandemics are increasingly being assessed through the prism of security. This makes health a matter of national security –and some people are still not happy with this idea.

Is Islam a Part of Eastern Europe?

Thoughts on History, Religion, and National Identity in the Eastern EU Countries

The refugee crisis revealed lines of division in the EU that hadpreviously been hidden, especially with respect to the easternmember states. The discussion in Germany often fails to takesufficient account of the variety of experiences and perspectivesin these countries. One significant explanatory factor forthe reaction to the reception of refugees from Islamic countriesis the historic understanding of national identity.

Jordan and the Jihadist Threat

How Stable is Germany’s Ally in the Middle East?

Jordan is widely considered to be an “anchor of stability” in a crisis-ridden region. That is why Germany is also seeking to extend its strategic partnership, not least noticeable through their relocation of its Bundeswehr Tornado jets from Turkey to Jordan. It should be noted, however, that Jordan is currently facing some immense economic and domestic challenges. These include a jihadist scene, in which recent developments suggest that the country is still at risk of terrorist attacks, necessitating innovative approaches for preventing extremism.

Symbiotic Interactions

On the Connection between Drug-Trafficking, the Legal Economy and State Power in Brazil

The illegal drug trade in Brazil might not be as separated from the world of state power as one would like to believe. Rather, based on historical developments, a significant number of socio-politically entrenched, symbiotic interactions can be traced between the two. A focus on four aspects of this relationship illustrates how both sides seem to benefit from this arrangement.

“There Are Good Reasons for Talking of a New Insecurity”

An interview with Dr. Patrick Keller, Coordinator for Foreign and Security Policy at the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

About this series

This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

Ordering Information

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung publishes four issues of International Reports per year. For more information please contact:

Subscribe to magazine and newsletter for free

You can subscribe to the German and English versions free of charge, either via our German-language newsletter or as a print product. If you would like to be informed for free by e-mail about the publication of new issues and contributions, please use our registration form.


Dr. Gerhard Wahlers



Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

Head of the Department International Reports and Communication +49 30 26996 3584

Dr. Sören Soika


Editor-in-Chief International Reports (Ai) +49 30 26996 3388

Louisa Heuss

Louisa Heuss (2020)

Desk Officer for Communication and Marketing +49 30 26996 3916 +49 30 26996 53916

Gerrit Wilcke

Gerrit Wilcke Anne Großmann Fotografie

Desk Officer for Communication and Marketing +49 30 26996-3933

Fabian Wagener

Fabian Wagener

Desk Officer for Multimedia +49 30-26996-3943