Ausgabe 1/2010 der Auslandsinformationen der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung
The Lisbon Treaty
A Basis for the European Union in the 21st Century
Since December 1, 2009 the Lisbon Treaty has formed a new legal basis for the European Union. It is the result of an ambitious project that began life eight years ago as the idea of an European constitutional treaty, and had to overcome many hurdles on its way.
The Spanish Presidency of the EU in 2010
What Can We Expect from the First EU Presidency Under the Terms of the Lisbon Treaty?
Wounded by the most serious economic crisis since joining the European Union in 1986 and beset by the lowest approval ratings of any Spanish head of government since 1994, José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero takes up the reins of Spain’s EU presidency on January 1, 2010. What he wants from the six months before the tenure passes over to Belgium is above all to restore his reputation and regain respect from the voters at home.
Honduras Seeks a New Social Contract
Honduras auf der Suche nach einem neuen Gesellschaftsvertrag
At first glance, the political crisis in Honduras seemed reminiscent of the coups in Latin America of the 1960s and 1970s. However, on closer inspection, things turned out to be far more complicated and contradictory. The military was acting under orders from the Supreme Court. With help from the Liberal Party of the now ousted president, Manuel Zelaya, the National Congress elected Roberto Micheletti as new President, since under the constitution Micheletti, the President of the National Congress, was next in line.
Continuity or Change?
Parliamentary and Presidential Elections in Uruguay in 2009
On November 29, 2009, José ”Pepe” Mujica of the centre-left coalition Frente Amplio (FA, meaning ”Broad Front”) was elected president of Uruguay in the second round of elections. He will take office on March 1, 2010. The 74-year-old Mujica, former Tupamaro of the Movimiento de Liberación Nacional (MLN), who spent nearly the entire period of Uruguayan military dictatorship (1973 to 1984) behind bars in sometimes inhumane conditions, will take over from Tabaré Vázquez, leader since 2005 of the first FA government in the history of the small country on the Río de la Plata.
Setback for Democracy in Niger
”Civilian Coup” Gives President Tandja Absolute Power
The fears of many people in Niger have been realized: the democratic structures of the Fifth Republic have been dismantled and a regime headed by President Mamadou Tandja installed. Behind the democratic facade of this new Sixth Republic, President Tandja governs as an absolute ruler. After the constitutional court ruled that the president’s request for a referendum on extending his term ran counter to the constitution of the Fifth Republic, the president dissolved the constitutional court and the legislature.
Romania in a Presidential Election Year
President Băsescu Pulls Off a Narrow Victory, but on All Fronts
The Romanian presidential elections between November 22, and December 6, 2009 produced an extremely tight finish. President Traian Băsescu won the runoff against his challenger, Mircea Geoană, by 50.3 percent to 49.7 percent. In absolute numbers, 10.6 million voters turned out for Băsescu, about 70,000 more than showed up for his opponent. Following a complaint by the defeated Social Democratic candidate, the election result was upheld by the Constitutional Court after a review of voided ballots.
100 Days of Borisovs´s Cabinet
Transparent Political Style and Pronounced Turn to the West
The central political event of 2009 in Bulgaria was the parliamentary election of July 5, from which the GERB party, led by former mayor of Sofia, Boyko Borisov, emerged victorious with 39.71 percent of the vote and 116 seats in the 240 seat National Assembly. At the same time the party fell agonizingly short of the absolute majority, which is set at 121 seats. Borisov was able relatively quickly to form a minority cabinet, which, after the first 100 days in office, receives a generally favorable report.