Asset Publisher

International Reports 1/2011


The (Never)Ending Story of Bulgarian and Romanian Judicial Reform | Bosnia and Herzegovina after the Elections – An Opportunity to Set a Course for Brussels? | Serbia and Kosovo: Status Disputes and EU Membership – Progress, Obstacles and the Role of Civil Society | Coming to Terms with the Past in the Balkans – The Lustration Process in Macedonia | Latvia Reloaded – The Parties are Trying to Revive the Spirit of 1991 | By the Grace of Lula – Dilma Rousseff Becomes Brazil’s First Female President | Tanzania after the Parliamentary and Presidential Elections 2010

Show table of contents

Content

  • Editorial

    The accession of more countries, particularly from the former Yugoslavia, into the European Union is a project which deserves our support. We are also accompanying the reform process in the new member states of Bulgaria and Romania, a process which has not made as much progress as hoped. In future entry criteria need to be fulfilled before becoming a member. The next steps in the expansion of the EU will depend on the speed and effectiveness of ongoing reforms in the countries of South East Europe.

    by Gerhard Wahlers

  • The (Never)Ending Story of Bulgarian and Romanian Judicial Reform

    20 years after the fall of the Communist and Socialist regimes in South East Europe there is a growing awareness in the transition countries that substantial and enduring reforms, especially in judicial areas, have not yet been accomplished. The alteration of the judiciary in Bulgaria and Romania has not been successfully finished to this day.

    by Stefanie Ricarda Roos

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina after the Elections – An Opportunity to Set a Course for Brussels?

    People’s expectations of the new Government are clear: the political stand-off can only be overcome if they can come to an agreement on the most important reforms. But, some politicians may once again rely on nationalist rhetoric to mobilize their voter base for the council elections in 2012 and make the search for compromises that much more difficult. The international community should therefore remind the political powers in the country of the need to hasten reforms.

    by Sabina Wölkner, Ivana Marić

  • Serbia and Kosovo: Status Disputes and EU Membership – Progress, Obstacles and the Role of Civil Society

    The unsettled relationship between Serbia and Kosovo remains one of the major stumbling blocks to their entry into the EU. The advisory opinion given in July 2010 by the International Court of Justice on Kosovo’s declaration of independence stimulated discussions within Serbia and provoked a new, heightened sense of engagement among the international community.

    by Henri Bohnet, Johannes Gold

  • Coming to Terms with the Past in the Balkans – The Lustration Process in Macedonia

    After the fall of the Berlin Wall, many formerly authoritarian countries in Eastern Europe had to face up to the question of how to come to terms with their past. Setting in motion an effective process for facing up to the past and lustration of the intelligence services and governmental elites is necessary for substantial democratization in countries like Macedonia. It faces the challenge of investigating the Yugoslavian chapter of its history in as fair and transparent a way as possible. The public, and especially the families of victims, are pinning their hopes on this process.

    by Henri Bohnet, Daniela Bojadzieva

  • Latvia Reloaded – The Parties are Trying to Revive the Spirit of 1991

    In many ways, the elections of 2nd October 2010 were a call for Latvia’s 1.5 Million citizens to decide the future direction of their country. On the one hand the ruling coalition headed by Prime Minister Dombrovskis sought agreement for its austerity policies caused by the crisis; on the other hand the electorate had to vote on whether the business interests of Latvian “oligarchs” should continue to have significant influence on the country’s politics. On top of this, the ethnic Russian minority has been able to strengthen their position in local elections since 2009.

    by Andreas Michael Klein

  • By the Grace of Lula – Dilma Rousseff Becomes Brazil’s First Female President

    On 31st October 2010 the 62-year-old Dilma Rousseff won 56 per cent of the vote in the second ballot, making her the first woman in Brazil’s history to be elected as president. Many observers think she just got the position to keep Lula’s seat warm until it is possible for him to return in four years time. Rousseff was specifically lined up to carry on Lula’s legacy and ensure continuity.

    by Jasper Eitze

  • Tanzania after the Parliamentary and Presidential Elections 2010

    On 31st October 2010 elections were held in Tanzania for the directly-elected position of Union President and to the National Parliament. The presidential election was won by the incumbent President Jakaya Kikwete. The party of the President, that has ruled the country since its founding in 1964 without a break, had to endure significant losses. With the party for Democracy and Development there is a serious new opponent.

    by Stefan Reith

Asset Publisher

About this series

International Reports (IR) is the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung's periodical on international politics. It offers political analyses by our experts in Berlin and from more than 100 offices across all regions of the world. Contributions by named authors do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editorial team.

Ordering Information

Our periodical on international politics is published four times a year. We provide you with background information on what is happening in the world – free of charge. Use our registration form and with just a few clicks you can read the digital version of our political journal or order the print version in German or English.

Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

Head of the Department International Reports and Communication

benjamin.gaul@kas.de +49 30 26996 3584

Dr. Sören Soika

Dr

Editor-in-Chief International Reports (Ai)

soeren.soika@kas.de +49 30 26996 3388