Elections and Transitions in the Islamic World


The Role of Saudi Arabia and Iran During and After the Upheaval in the Arab World | The Election of Hasan Rouhani as Seventh President of the Islamic Republic of Iran | The Territorial Conflict Between the Central Iraqi Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government | The Historical Context of the 2013 Parliamentary Elections in Pakistan | Progress and Setbacks for the Rule of Law in South East Europe | Democracy without Parties – The Philippines in the Patronage Trap

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Elections and Transitions in the Islamic World

  • Editorial

    In June, Iran elected a new President, and in May, parliamentary elections took place in Pakistan. Events in Egypt however have demonstrated that it is too early to celebrate democratic progress when one election has proceeded successfully and in line with international standards. The examination of election campaigns and the elections as well as the final official results does not provide much of an insight into the democratic development of a country by itself.

    by Gerhard Wahlers

Other Topics

  • The Role of Saudi Arabia and Iran During and After the Upheaval in the Arab World

    The upheaval in the Arab world has challenged the traditional roles of the two leading powers in the Gulf, Saudi Arabia and Iran. Both nations must now reassess their relationships with regional actors. For both nations, long-standing alliances are at stake. While the upheaval in the Arab world holds both opportunities and risks for the Saudi regime, Iran, with the support of the Assad regime, is increasingly finding itself in quite a strategic quandary. Further developments in the region will significantly define the future balance of power in Saudi Arabia and Iran.

    by Ellinor Zeino-Mahmalat

  • The Election of Hasan Rouhani as Seventh President of the Islamic Republic of Iran

    Just a few weeks ago, most commentators in Iran and abroad were united in their belief that the Iranian elections would produce no real surprises. Rouhani’s election was greeted with cautious optimism. His success is based on several factors. These include his reformist rhetoric that united with the cohesive support of the reform camp and the associated desire for change amongst the public. He was also able to benefit from internal and external factors for which Ahmadinejad was blamed.

    by Christian Funke

  • The Territorial Conflict Between the Central Iraqi Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government

    The territorial disputes between Iraqi governments and the ethnic Kurds living in the north and northeast of the country go back a long way. During the past few decades, these frequently resulted in crises and violent clashes with devastating consequences. Once the agreements, namely the provisions defined in Article 58 of the provisional constitution, are properly implemented sometime in the future, the “Kurdistan-Iraq rapprochement” will surely be considered a landmark event in the Middle East.

    by Awat Asadi

  • The Historical Context of the 2013 Parliamentary Elections in Pakistan

    Pakistan held parliamentary elections on 11 May 2013, representing nothing short of a substantial turning point in this crisis-ridden country’s history: A democratically legitimate, civilian government took over following a full legislative period through largely free and fair elections for the first time since Pakistan’s independence in 1947. Such a conventional, peaceful power shift under the rules of a parliamentary democracy is a completely new experience for Pakistan, one that brings with it great hope for the future.

    by Jakob Rösel, Pierre Gottschlich

Full edition

  • Progress and Setbacks in building the Rule of Law in South East Europe

    The endeavours of South East European states to pursue European integration have generated enormous challenges. Beyond democratisation and the substitution of market economics for the failed policies of a socialist planned economy, the process of state-building needed to be tackled. There were successful efforts to adopt democratic constitutions and to develop the institutions of democracy. Yet the region requires a commitment from the Western community of nations to support the initiated judicial reforms.

    by Thorsten Geißler

  • Democracy without Parties

    The Philippines in the Patronage Trap

    During the mid-term elections in the Philippines on 13 May 2013, as expected the old patronage parties came out on top. Once again, the electoral system offered the opportunity for candidature nearly exclusively to well-known personalities and wealthy families during the country-wide senatorial election. Similarly, the elections for the Lower House and local elections were dominated by political clans and dynasties. Vote-buying and controlled voting in polling stations turned the election into a farce.

    by Peter Köppinger

About this series

This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

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Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

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Head of the Department International Reports and Communication

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