Single title

20 Years: Fall of the Berlin Wall

Panorama 01/2009: Insights into Southeast Asian and European Affairs

20 years ago, on 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall came down. Constructed on 13 August 1961, it symbolized the Cold War, and the division of Germany and the world into East and West. With Unification in Germany, profound changes took place not just domestically but also throughout Europe and internationally.

In this issue of Panorama, a selected group of German authors present the implications the Fall of the Wall had for Germany, Europe and the international system. In addition, authors from different countries and regions describe and evaluate the perception and consequences of the Fall of the Berlin Wall from an “outsider’s point of view”.

Preface
Wilhelm Hofmeister
7
MAIN TOPICS
The Berlin Republic: Reunifcation and Reorientation
Manfred Görtemaker
9
The Transformation Policy in East Germany –
A Partial Success Story

Karl-Heinz Paque
27
German Foreign Policy: Parameters and Current Challenges
Eckart von Klaeden
39
The Fall of the Berlin Wall and the European Integration
Ludger Kühnhardt
47
Global Politics and the Collapse of the Political West Divide:
The Emerging New Global Landscape

Klaus Segbers
61
EXTERNAL VIEWS
Australia
Nina Markovic
77
Brazil
Estevão C. de Rezende Martins
81
China
Li Wie
77
France
Jacqueline Hénard
87
India
Ummu Salma Bava
95
Republic of Korea
Kim Gi-Eun
107
Russia
Igor Maximychev
113
Singapore
K. Kesavapany
119
South Africa
John Daniel
131
United States of America
Stanley R. Sloan
137