Fostering a sustainable and secure energy supply for Kenya

This policy brief was written by Maria Apergi, Laima Eicke, Andreas Goldthau, Judith Hermann, Jude Kurniawan, Esther Schuch, and Silvia Weko. The authors’ research for this policy brief is funded by the Investigating the Systemic Impacts of the Global Energy Transition (ISIGET) project, financed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the “Make our Planet Great Again – German Research Initiative”; Grant Nr. 57429628, implemented by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). The workshops that took place as part of the data collection process for this policy brief were funded and organised by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Regional Programme Energy Security and Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Africa, based in Nairobi, Kenya.

The recommendations presented in this policy brief were developed in cooperation with Kenyan energy experts during a two-day stakeholder workshop held on 3 – 4 November 2021 in Nairobi with participants from finance, policy, industry, and research, and an online follow-up workshop on 14 March, 2022. The Kenyan energy system was modelled by the ISIGET research team of the IASS Potsdam using stakeholder-driven Cross Impact Balance Analysis to determine factors preventing or facilitating a sustainable energy future. The subsequent succession analysis, an exercise to assess system dynamics, revealed the factors that need to be addressed in order to trigger changes in the entire system. The recommendations discussed by the Kenyan experts are based on the results of the succession analysis, which suggests that improving the quality of the grid, further liberalising the energy market structure, and promoting decentralisation are the main leverage points for ensuring a secure and sustainable energy future. More details on the method will be available in a forthcoming study. We are very grateful to our partners at the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Regional Programme Energy Security and Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Africa, for enabling and organising the workshops, and to the participants for their input.

Read full policy brief here as a pdf


Michelle Nambiro