Articles

Editorial

As long ago as August 2006 at a federal press conference Angela Merkel stated “anyone who knows how to successfully manage demographic change is to be congratulated”. Today, ten years later, the need to confront the challenges posed by demographic change has not lost its urgency.

Immigration as Survival Strategy

An Interjection

During the 25-year period from 1991 to 2015, an estimated 23.7 million people immigrated to Germany while 18.7 emigrated, immigrants therefore outnumbering emigrants by some five million. The fact that Germany’s population only experienced a modest increase from 81 to around 82 million during the same period is mainly due to deaths exceeding births by a good three million, which means that the immigrants made up for the falling birth rate to a considerable extent.

Programmed Explosion?

The Potential Consequences of the Rapid Population Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

The African sub-Saharan countries are demographically a special case. In the course of the 20ᵗʰ century population has admittedly also grown in other areas of the world, but this process did not take place anywhere near as rapidly as in these states. If the population boom of the 20ᵗʰ century should be followed by a second one in the 21ˢᵗ century, its impacts would not stay limited to the African continent alone.

When Education Turns into a Problem

The Impact of Demographic Factors on Political Stability in the Middle East and North Africa

The area comprising the Middle East and North Africa is among the most crisis-ridden regions in the world. One of the key issues is that the increasingly better-educated population of working age individuals has been growing faster than the number of jobs for some time now. If the affected states do not succeed in significantly reducing this discrepancy, political instability and therefore the number of refugees and migrants from the region will continue to increase, which will also have unforeseen repercussions for Europe.

Who is Going to Bear the Cost?

The Rapid Ageing of Latin American Societies as a Socio-Political Issue

Currently, only around 40 per cent of Latin American citizens age 65 and over receive a regular (contributory) pension; a further 20 per cent receive a non-contributory (tax funded) state pension. The remaining elderly must continue to earn a living or rely on support from family members. While the region still has a relatively young population today, the number of people age 65-plus is set to increase to 140 million by 2050, up from under 40 million in 2010.

Editorial

A constant struggle for power and influence between states has always figured among the main characteristics of international politics. Regional powers can be considered the middle management of world politics: sufficiently powerful to make their mark on the region and take on a political and economic leadership role, but not yet or no longer powerful enough to be able to fill this role at the global level as well.

Fighting the Symptoms

Why There Is a Long Way to Go to Defeat the So-Called Islamic State (IS)

The so-called Islamic State (IS) is under military pressure on the battle grounds of Syria and Iraq. However, offensives to recapture IS strongholds are difficult to coordinate; IS has succeeded in gaining a foothold in more of the region’s countries and a high risk of terrorist attacks in Europe remains unchanged. The international community is fighting the symptoms of IS, while the causes of the rapid rise of the terrorist state still persist.

One Plus Four

BRICS – Ambitions for Geopolitical Reform and Chinese Dominance

The BRICS are in crisis. The economic malaise in the majority of member states intensifies asymmetries within the group and thereby consolidates China’s dominance. All members use the BRICS for pursuing their own economic interests and for avoiding isolation whilst making controversial foreign policy decisions. But it is Beijing that strategically uses its growing influence gained by control of access to its markets and investments.

Only Problems

How Turkey Can Become an Honest Mediator in the Middle East, Again

Turkey’s former “zero problem” policy transformed into “only problems with neighbours” as the country increasingly became obsessed with being a regional power. Despite its foreign policy failures, Turkey could still become the source for peace and stability in the region. It just needs to return to the foundational principles of Turkish foreign policy: caution, neutrality and peace.

Powerful or Merely Important?

Vietnam as an Up-and-Coming Actor in South-East Asia

Vietnam is one of the few remaining communist countries on the political world map. It regularly figures low in human rights and rule of law rankings, and the “socialist-oriented market economy” is celebrating its thirty-year anniversary. Vietnam is at risk of being crushed between China’s aggressive conduct in the South China Sea and the USA’s claim to leadership in the region. There are, however, indications that Vietnam may be able to establish itself as an influential actor in the South-East Asia Region in the medium term.

About this series

This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

Ordering Information

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung publishes four issues of International Reports per year. For more information please contact:

auslandsinformationen@kas.de

Subscribe to magazine and newsletter for free

You can subscribe to the German and English versions free of charge, either via our German-language newsletter or as a print product. If you would like to be informed for free by e-mail about the publication of new issues and contributions, please use our registration form.

Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

Head of the Department International Reports and Communication

benjamin.gaul@kas.de +49 30 26996 3584

Dr. Sören Soika

Dr

Editor-in-Chief International Reports (Ai)

soeren.soika@kas.de +49 30 26996 3388

Louisa Heuss

Louisa Heuss (2020)

Desk Officer for Communication and Marketing

louisa.heuss@kas.de +49 30 26996 3916 +49 30 26996 53916

Gerrit Wilcke

Gerrit Wilcke Anne Großmann Fotografie

Desk Officer for Communication and Marketing

gerrit.wilcke@kas.de +49 30 26996-3933

Fabian Wagener

Fabian Wagener

Desk Officer for Multimedia

fabian.wagener@kas.de +49 30-26996-3943