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International Reports 7/2007

Political Parties and Their Societal Roots in Ghana | Italy in Transition | Desperate People in the City. Shanghai and the Phenomenon of Migration | Measuring Democracy. Developments and Examples from Latin America

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  • Editorial

    In der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit nimmt die Forderungnach guter Regierungsführung eine zunehmendbedeutende Rolle ein. Sie ist auch Kernbestandteildes neuenKriterienkatalogs des BMZ, derseit Januar diesen Jahres die Unterstützung für Entwicklungs-und Schwellenländer künftig stärker ander Einhaltung dieser Kriterien orientiert. Die Sicherungguter Regierungsführung ist aus meiner Sichtohne die Etablierung demokratischer Rahmenbedingungennachhaltig nicht möglich. Deshalb mussDemokratieförderung ein integraler Bestandteil desKonzepts von Good Governance sein.

    by Gerhard Wahlers

  • Political Parties and Their Societal Roots in Ghana

    Early in March of this year, Ghana celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of its independence, pleased with the pioneering role it had taken up among the sub-Saharan states in the fight against colonial rule. Much has happened since then. When, early in the 1990s, the country set out on the path towards democratisation, the former opposition party NPP became the strongest force, and its candidate, John Agyekum Kufuor, prevailed over the former dictator, Jerry John Rawlings.

    by Anja Osei

  • Parteien in jungen Demokratien

    Die Entwicklung in Kenia vor den Wahlen im Dezember 2007

    Im Vorfeld der für Ende 2007 geplanten Präsidentschafts- und Parlamentswahlen stehen sich in Kenia zwei politische Kräftegruppen, NARC-K und ODM-K, gegenüber, hinter denen sich jedoch eine vielfältigere Landschaft von Parteien verbirgt, die in ihrer Gesamtheit keinen ideengeschichtlichen Hintergrund haben, schwach institutionalisiert sind und kaum eigene inhaltliche Positionen zu erkennen geben.

    by Wolfgang Ahner-Tönnis

  • Italy in Transition

    When, one and a half decades ago, shortly after the end of the Cold War, the Democrazia Cristiana made its exit from Italy's political stage, a period of transition began for the country. Now, under Romano Prodi, Italy seems to return to a state of chronic instability which recalls exactly those old days. Is the country lost to progress?

    by Stefan von Kempis

  • Desperate People in the City. Shanghai and the Phenomenon of Migration

    The 'Wai-di-ren', the migrant workers of which there are five million in Shanghai alone, are not least among those to whom China's soaring megacities owe thanks for their palaces made of glass and steel. For 30 to 100 Euros a month, they cook, wash, clean, repair, and build. The jobs they do are called '3-d jobs' – dirty, dangerous, and demanding. When the migration to the cities began in 1989, the People's Republic of China saw itself confronted with its greatest social challenge ever: Adding to the already-large army of migrants who have no permanent home, 200 million of so-called vagrants go on moving from place to place, working for a meagre wage which has to feed the entire family. Social distortions are increasing; the income gap is widening.

    by Thomas Awe

  • Measuring Democracy. Developments and Examples from Latin America

    Entwicklungen und Beispiele aus Lateinamerika

    Gone are the times when rankings and ratings were used as tools of measurement and identification only in the world of sports and business. Today, there are many walks of life in which we meet multifarious phenomena that call for systematic quantitative and differentiated identification and categorisation. Democratisation is one of these phenomena. Constant attempts are made to identify differences in its level and 'measure' its quality by diverse criteria, such as corruption, the freedom of the press, and governance.

    by Emily Calaminus

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About this series

International Reports (IR) is the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung's periodical on international politics. It offers political analyses by our experts in Berlin and from more than 100 offices across all regions of the world. Contributions by named authors do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editorial team.

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Dr. Gerhard Wahlers



Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

Head of the Department International Reports and Communication +49 30 26996 3584

Dr. Sören Soika


Editor-in-Chief International Reports (Ai) +49 30 26996 3388