Policy paper: Towards a productive and environmentally friendly economic model.

This paper aims to highlight the shortcomings of government initiatives to promote green investment in Morocco, and the importance of promoting these initiatives and better articulating them as part of an overall national strategy to promote the green economy, foster sustainable production and consumption patterns, and redistribute public and private investment. Furthermore, green investment in Morocco is an opportunity and a source of economic diversification, as Morocco's investment in its enormous environmental potential will allow it to restructure the economy, push industry towards strategic specialisations and diversify the national product, thus increasing the added value of green sectors and their development.

Morocco's greatest concern in achieving economic growth and take-off is to attract as much investment as possible, especially in the industrial, agricultural and energy fields, as these offer more employment opportunities, which explains the Moroccan government's growing interest in attracting investors in the automotive, aeronautical, etc. industries, but most of these investments threaten environmental security, which leads us to ask whether it is possible to reconcile these two obsessions with attracting investors. Environmental protection and preservation? Perhaps the way to resolve this paradox lies in the tendency to attract and encourage green or environmentally friendly investments, so that they can contribute to Morocco's gradual transition to a clean economy, based mainly on the rational use of natural resources and the reduction of carbon emissions.

In the same context, the green economy, according to the United Nations Environment Programme, is one of the reasons that lead to the growth and development of humanity, and by moving towards this type of economy, society will become equitable in the distribution of resources, which will considerably reduce the risks and scarcity of the environment, However, Morocco has seen significant capital investment in real estate, fossil fuels and financial assets in recent years, while investment has remained low in green areas such as renewable energy, energy efficiency and transport. In addition, there has been little investment in the areas of public health, sustainable agriculture, protection of ecosystems and biodiversity, and soil protection. This situation calls for a reversal of these trends, in order to serve the objectives of balance, food security, protection of the environment in general and promotion of the national economy in the medium and long term.