KOSOVO: Between universal non-recognition and ‘derecognitions

This paper intends, first and foremost, to provide a theoretical framework related to the concepts of recognition and derecognition. Furthermore, the paper addresses the challenges that Kosovo has faced in relation to the consolidation of statehood, due to the lack of universal recognition. Furthermore, the paper provides a perspective on the developments and evolution of the dialogue process between Kosovo and Serbia, from the beginning of the technical process to the efforts to reach a final agreement, as well as linking the dialogue process with international recognition, i.e. non-recognition of Kosovo.

(Un)shared property

Property ownership by political officials and spouses of political officials

Equal enjoyment of rights in Kosovo between men and women remains a persistent challenge. Although the legal framework promoting women's property rights is quite advanced, the unequal gender distribution of economic and financial resources places women at a disadvantage compared to men in their ability to participate, contribute to and benefit from further development processes.

2030 Agenda in Kosovo

Economic Development, Social Affairs, Infrastructure, Innovation, Environment, Governance and Cooperation

Sustainable development is rather important for all countries, regardless of their development stage. As a priority set in the European Treaties, sustainable development plays a special role in European policies. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development serves as a guide for all countries towards achieving sustainable socio-economic development. This agenda included 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the resolution “Transforming the world: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. Given that Kosovo does not yet have an official report on the monitoring of SDGs, this shows that so far Kosovo has done very little to integrate these Goals and indicators into national and sectoral strategies.

A Foreign Investor's Guide to Kosovo

The second edition of the "A Foreign Investor's Guide to Kosovo", which to helps to find out more about why one should choose to invest in Kosovo. The guide covers the legal and regulatory environment that investors will face when investing in Kosovo.


Opportunities for economic recovery and transformation

The phrase “It is an economic tsunami” is being widely used to describe the state of the economy and international financial markets by all analysts and experts in the world economy. The Coronavirus is pushing economies towards economic recession, at a time when all parameters and trends were in positive trend.


This paper aims to address the impact of COVID-19 on economic indicators and FDI flows in the Western Balkan countries, possible scenarios of events and their reflections in Kosovo. This research paper comes in the wake of another paper by IETL, namely Foreign Direct Investment in Kosovo: Investment Climate, Potential and Barriers, published at the end of 2019, providing valuable information regarding the barriers to FDI flows as encountered by foreign investors in Kosovo even before COVID-19, the reforms that the Government needs to make for the overall economic growth and to attract FDIs. Additionally, this paper is supported by the desk research of secondary data (documents, local and international reports produced by the IMF, World Bank (WB), Central Bank of Kosovo (CBK), Kosovo Investment and Enterprise Support Agency (KIESA), scientific and professional magazine articles, statistical data).

Inter-ethnic Relations in Kosovo from the Perspective of RAE Communities

With an overall population of fewer than 1.8 million inhabitants, the Kosovo population is rather diverse. Thirty-three out of 38 municipalities in Kosovo are multi-ethnic, composed of several ethnic groups legally recognized as “communities”. To this day, Kosovo is lacking in regards to the full integration of minorities in the political, social, and economic life of the country and compliance with the national legal framework and the international standards on minority rights. This policy brief argues that the most under represented, discriminated-against, second-class citizens on almost all indicators are the three ethnic groups of the Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptians (hereinafter, RAE). Thus, it aims to analyze the current situation of the RAE communities as a backdrop for analyzing inter-community relations in Kosovo and provide recommendations for the relevant stakeholders and the general public.

Political Foundations: Models for the Case of Kosovo

Due to the crucial significance of political parties in shaping the process of decision-making and policy-making, the role of political foundations may often be largely overlooked. Yet, such viewpoint may be subject to fallacy. Political foundations affiliated with political parties have become important actors in the post-World War II configuration, not only by cooperating with political parties, but also engaging globally in third countries through democratic assistance and support for sister parties. The following report seeks to offer a comprehensive discussion on political foundations, aiming to offer concrete recommendations on how they could be organised in the case of Kosovo. To achieve such aim, different models of political foundations will be described and compared, thus drawing special emphasis on elements such as their scope of work, legal regulations and financing sources.

Post-legislative scrutiny

International principles and oversight in Kosovo

The purpose of this brief is precisely to evaluate the work of the Assembly in terms of oversight on implementation of legislation. The highest legislative body in the country has been subject to repeated criticism in the European Commission Country Report on Kosovo, for poor performance in its oversight role. The brief starts with an analysis of the legal framework that vests the Assembly with legislative oversight powers, to establish if there are gaps in this regard, and follows with a comparative analysis of different legislatures since 2008. Lastly, there is a review of reports adopted by the Assembly covering the oversight on implementation of legislation and an examination whether the provisions that could not be implemented in practice have been identified. Additionally, this paper examines the international practices in the oversight on implementation of legislation, respectively the efforts being made by parliaments in developed democracies, parliaments in neighboring countries and those aspiring European Union (EU) membership.

Public Policy and Governance

This book discusses the main dimensions in the study of governance and public policy, such as the historical trajectory and development of the discipline, the relationships with the main areas and sub-areas of its study as well as many essential aspects related to policies and governance.