International Reports

Between Religion, Extremism and Governance

by Hans Maria Heyn, Jörg Knocha

Political Islam in the Palestinian Territories

According to Palestinian Basic Law, Islam is the official religion in the Palestinian Territories. It is an integral part of political and social life of the Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, 98 per cent of whom are Muslim. It also exerts a decisive influence on the two major movements, Hamas and Fatah, as well as on numerous smaller political parties and movements, which often originate in the secular sphere or have Marxist roots.