Bosnia and Herzegovina

Media Situation:

Almost twenty years after the end of the war, in 1995, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is still burdened by the problems from that time: national intolerance, political discordance and economic decline. By its constitution, it is divided into two entities, The Federation of B&H (FB&H) and the Republic of Srpska (RS), and the Brcko District. This is of relevance for understanding its media system. Most of the media in B&H are divided along entity, ethnic, political-interests and economic lines. The working conditions of most journalists are very difficult. They are irregularly paid, have low salaries, an undefined status and contracts that do not guarantee workplace security. More

Media Freedom:

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s score in the latest Reporters Without Borders Freedom of the Press Index shows no improvement of the media freedom situation in the country. As 68th out of 180 countries in the ranking, the Balkan country clearly performs comparatively well by South East European standards, but significant deficits remain. More

Media Outlets:

The media market in B&H is fragmented and oversaturated. The media picture of B&H consists of a large amount of media in the tiny area with about 4 million citizens and a small market space to match. Advertising market is being reduced year by year, currently being at about 25 million EUR annually – making this a 40 per cent drop compared to year 2009. In addition, one of the characteristics of B&H media landscape is strong presence (and popularity amongst BH citizens), of imported press and TV channels from neighbouring countries, as the language is similar. This media overspill jeopardizes the already small advertising market, making the survival of B&H media highly questionable. The ownership of the media is generally known, although there are indications that certain media houses are supported by specific political options, or are being owned by someone "in the shadow". There is no law to regulate the concentration and saturation of media. More

Media Usage:

Graphics on media usage in Bosnia and Herzegovina More

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Bosnia and Herzegovina