Republic of Moldova

Media Situation:

After 23 years since Republic of Moldova re-gained its independence, the Moldovan media still face a series of problems that hinder the development of a free and independent press. A number of changes in media legislation, made in 2010 by the Moldovan Parliament, lead to upgrading the status of the media from "not free" to "partly free" in international media freedom rankings. However, since then, there were no more significant developments in this area that would have allowed Moldova to join countries with a free press. More

Media Freedom:

While media freedom is well safeguarded in Moldova, the case of the separatist region Transnistria is quite different. Soviet-style repression of independent media and a politicised state media apparatus are a reality in the breakaway region. The country remains highly polarised politically and socially, which is why journalists face a somewhat insecure working environment. More

Media Outlets:

Despite the status of the poorest nation in Europe, Moldova is media-rich. The media market is relatively young and saturated. Over 50 percent of the outlets were registered during the last decade, specifically after 2000. According to the most recent research done in the field, a plethora of media outlets (about 420) operate on a more or less regular basis. Although the official and most widely used language in Moldova is Romanian, an important segment of the market is occupied by media issued in Russian language. About half of print media is issued in Romanian and another half - in Russian, while almost all main TV channels broadcast news in both Romanian and Russian. There are also a number of media in Gagauzi, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, and Yiddish languages. More

Media Usage:

Graphics on media usage in Moldova. More