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Ziad Fhema / flickr / CC BY 2.0 / creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Libya's fateful year

Where does Libya stand one year after the Berlin Libya Conference?

2020 Libya set an important course for achieving (security-relevant) political and economic progress towards a sustainable political solution to the conflict that has been ongoing since 2011. The Berlin Conference on Libya convened by Chancellor Merkel on 19 January 2020 was a significant contribution on that way. Parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled to take place in the North African country on 24 December 2021. The first weeks of this year will show whether this remains a realistic scenario. If the agreed deadline to withdraw all foreign fighters from Libya by 21 January is not met, Libya will once again start an uncertain and probably turbulent year.

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Digital sovereignty

A new key concept of digital policy in Germany and Europe

Digital sovereignty is often used in political discourses. However, a common or at least consistent understanding of what is meant by this or what its associated requirements are, has yet to emerge. Our author Dr. Julia Pohle has broken down and classified the various meanings in this research paper.

jozsitoeroe / stock.adobe.com

Climate Performance of the G7 States

CO2 Productivity as a Benchmark

How to best reconcile climate protection and economic interests and how should we assess the climate performance of a country from this point fo view? In order be able to answer these questions, we propose to take into account the CO2 productivity as a key influencing variable. Our comparison of the G7 countries shows why this approach is sensible.

Joan Julbe / flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 / creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/

Historic day for Swiss Christian Democrats – Merger and Farewell to the “C”

The Assembly of Delegates of the CVP decides by a clear majority to rename the party “Die Mitte” (“The Centre”) and merge with the centrist party BDP

The Swiss Christian Democrats of the CVP vote for change. At their Assembly of Delegates on 28 November (conducted in a decentralised fashion), the party took two historic decisions. Firstly, the delegates confirmed by a clear majority the vote of the party members in the October ballot and voted in favour of changing the party’s name to “Die Mitte – Freiheit, Solidarität und Verantwortung” (“The Centre – Freedom, Solidarity and Responsibility”). This cleared the way for the merger of the CVP with the smaller moderate party BDP. The merger will thus come into force on the 1st of January 2021.

Bill Hinton Photography/gettyimages

China's Approach to Cyber Sovereignty

Cyber sovereignty: China's strategic concept for its rise as a global digital power

In a short period of time, China has succeeded in becoming one of the world's leading digital powers. As a result, a hard-fought competition for innovation leadership in digital technologies has broken out between the USA and China. competition also has significant consequences for Europe. In light of this development, a deeper understanding of Chinese digital and technology policy is becoming increasingly important. To develop this much needed knowledge, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung presents a new study that analyzes China's strategic concept of cyber sovereignty and discusses its implications.

European Union

Light and Shadows – An Analysis of the EU’s Preconditions for Albania

Entering EU accession talks with Albania is subject to fulfilling the six preconditions – even if progress has been made, central points have not yet been fully met.

After the German Bundestag had established conditions for entering accession negotiations with Albania already in September 2019, the Council of the European Union (EU) followed suit in March 2020. The Ministers for Europe of the 27 EU states adopted and supplemented demands from the Bundestag so that the West Balkan state must now fulfil 15 conditions before the individual negotiations chapters or clusters can be opened. Six of which still need to be fulfilled prior to beginning the 1st intergovernmental conference. Even though great hopes were placed on these six conditions being fulfilled before the end of 2020 and, thus, on the conference taking place as part of the German EU Council Presidency, the chances of this are currently dwindling. A more detailed analysis on the status of fulfilling the six preconditions shows that Albania has made some good progress over the last half year, though some central points have not yet been fully met.

Hacking the Electorate

On the Use of Personal Data in Political Campaigning

Datengetriebene politische Kampagnen sind kein neues Phänomen. Sie bedienen sich vielfältiger Werkzeuge, haben Zugriff auf immer mehr Daten und sind in der Lage, Wähler zu beeinflussen. Demokratie und Rechtstaat sind weltweit herausgefordert. Eduardo Magrani, EIZ Fellow 2019/2020 der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, untersucht anhand eines Vergleichs des europäischen und des brasilianischen Rechtsrahmens die Digitalisierung demokratischer Prozesse.

Habib Kaki / flickr / Public Domain

Algeria's Cautious Political Opening

Country report in German available only

Country report in German available only

Germany’s geopolitical role in an age of great power rivalries | Part 1, 2, 3

Overview

In these three issues of the series "Analyses & Arguments", the Working Group of Young Foreign Policy Experts provides recommendations for the strategic orientation of German foreign policy, German economic and technology policy and security and defence policy.

iStock by Getty Images/NaLha

Carbon border adjustment mechanism: Tax or tariff for the climate?

How can the EU enforce more stringent climate targets and at the same time prevent industry from migrating?

The EU is planning to introduce a carbon border adjustment mechanism. The background to this is the more stringent climate targets and concerns that industry could migrate. But how to design such an adjustment mechanism? Our Facts & Findings presents three options and discusses the respective advantages and disadvantages of these instruments.