Power Struggle or Religious War?
The Confessionalisation of Conflicts in the Arab World
Armed conlicts in the Arab region are often referred to as “ethnic” or “religious wars”. However, some overservers deny an ethnic, religious or tribal motivation to these conflicts. According to them, such motives are merely exploited in a struggle for power. This raises the question: To what extent are conflict parties in the Arab world driven by ethnic or religious identities?