The influence of external actors in the Western Balkans

A map of geopolitical players

The aim of this report is to look closely at the activities of external actors in the Western Balkans and to describe their function and role, intentions and interests, and the resources at their disposal. It also considers local and regional perceptions and sensitivities and evaluates the involvement of these external actors from a European and German perspective. This report forms part of our wide range of activities and projects that aim the integration of the Western Balkan states into the European Union and promote dialogue on foreign and security policy issues in Germany.

The Constitution of the Republic of Namibia

Annotated Edition 2018

The Constitution of the Republic of Namibia came into existence in 1990 and has since then been the foundation of all civic rights and duties, as well as legislation and government policies.

Neue Perspektiven für ein altes Versprechen

Eine „Formel 15+15“ für den EU-Beitritt des Westbalkans

Der Integrationsprozess des Weltbalkans in die EU tritt auf der Stelle. Es liegt im deutschen Interesse, ihn wieder mit Leben zu füllen und den Staaten des Westbalkans eine glaubwürdige Perspektive aufzuzeigen, die auch den Bedürfnissen der EU gerecht wird. Dafür sollte Berlin die Formel „15+15“ nutzen: Sie unterstreicht, was in den vergangenen 15 Jahren erreicht wurde, und nennt zugleich einen Zeitraum von weiteren 15 Jahren, in denen der Integrationsprozess abgeschlossen sein soll. Welche Sofort- und Langzeitmaßnahmen das erfordert, zeigt diese Analyse.

Notwendige Maßnahmen für die künftige Finanzarchitektur der Eurozone

Eine Perspektive aus Frankreich

Bei der aktuellen Diskussion um eine Reform des Euroraums fehlt es bisweilen am grundlegenden Verständnis der Position anderer Mitgliedstaaten. Nachdem bereits die Perspektive der Nicht-Euro-Länder beleuchtet wurde, soll nun der Blick auf Frankreich gerichtet werden. Das vorliegende Papier präsentiert Überlegungen zur Reform der Eurozone aus französischer Sicht, in diesem Fall formuliert von France Stratégie, einem dem französischen Premierminister zugeordneten Think Tank. Die darin geäußerten Positionen spiegeln ausschließlich die Meinung der Autoren wider.

Stabilität - Solidarität - Konditionalität

Bausteine eines Package Deals zur Reform des Euroraums

Trotz aller unternommenen Reformen ist der Euroraum noch nicht hinreichend auf „stürmische“ Zeiten vorbereitet. Bei den Bemühungen um eine nachhaltige Reform wird die Kompromisssuche durch den fehlenden Konsens zwischen den Mitgliedstaaten erschwert. Der vorliegende Beitrag formuliert aus christdemokratischer Perspektive Elemente für eine umfassende Reform der Eurozone, basierend auf einem flexiblen Zwei-Stufen-Modell, mit dem die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion bis zum Jahre 2025 zu einer demokratisch und institutionellgestärkten Wirtschafts- und Fiskalunion fortentwickelt werden könnte.


Will we work only a few hours a week one day because robots and algorithms do most of our work for us? How will digitalisation change our interactions, political decision-making processes, and geopolitical contexts? Prediction is very difficult, especially about the future. Nevertheless, the contributions to this issue do not limit themselves to the current state of digitalisation, but venture a look into the digital future.

How to Combat the Causes of Refugee Flows

The EU-Jordan Compact in Practice

The 2016 Supporting Syria and the Region Conference in London heralded a decisive paradigm shift in European development cooperation in the midst of the Syrian refugee crisis. In the process, not only were new sources of finance mobilised, but development policy focus was also shifted to long-term strengthening of initial host country resilience. In light of the EU-Jordan Compact, this article shows the extent to which the promising approach of a Compact has proven itself in practice.

Humanity Will Not So Swiftly Replace Itself


Terms such as artificial intelligence and machine learning have triggered a wave of expectations, full of both hopes and fears. Hopes that we are on the brink of finding solutions to the great problems of humanity are tempered by fears, most commonly that of being made redundant. A sober look at the facts.

More than Just Bitcoin

The Potential of Blockchain Technology, Using the Example of Latin America

Today, blockchain technology (BT) has already claimed a prominent position in the sphere of digitalisation. It is becoming increasingly clear that it has countless potential applications, that extend far beyond the Bitcoin digital currency. Eventually, it might even be a safe alternative to weak state institutions, particularly in emerging and developing countries.

Of Facebook Revolutions and Twitter Presidents

How Digitalisation Changes Political Decision-Making

In 2010, the internet was thought to be an instrument of global democratisation. But with the onset of the “Arab winter”, that hope has given way to severe disappointment. Now, the internet is even blamed for the increasing populism. An attempt at a sober assessment.

Facts and Findings

Selected contributions to the series with international relevance

The series informs in a concentrated form about important positions of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung on current topics. The individual issues present key findings and recommendations, offer brief analyses, explain the Foundation's further plans and name KAS contact persons.


International Reports

Journal for international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation

This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

EPP Party Barometer

The Situation of the European People's Party in the EU

The EPP Party Barometer illustrates the current situation of the EPP party family in the EU. On a non-regular basis, it provides a concise overview of current election results, polls from the member states and the composition of the party family.


In our series "Interviews", talks and discussions are held with experts from the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V. on various topics.


Concise, reduced to the essentials, but always highly topical. In our series "kurzum", our experts summarise an issue or problem on a maximum of two pages.

Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

Event Reports

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, its educational institutions, centres and foreign offices, offer several thousand events on various subjects each year. We provide up to date and exclusive reports on selected conferences, events and symposia at In addition to a summary of the contents, you can also find additional material such as pictures, speeches, videos or audio clips.