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History of Climate Agreements and the Need for a Global Climate Alliance

By Ritika Jajoo

The GCA Collaborative is an independent research effort to evaluate how Global South countries can best ally with Global North countries to accelerate climate action. Over the past two years, several academic institutions and think tanks have been collaborating on these issues and pooling their individual research efforts. The first version of this GCA handbook was launched at COP'27. With revisions and updates, the second version was released during the Think20 Inception Conference. The white paper series details the theoretical and empirical work behind the handbooks.


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As an initial pilot, the GCA Collaborative had conducted a steel sector decarbonisation workshop, drawing in policymakers, associations, businesses, and analysts from the sector. The SWGs must collaborate with a host of stakeholders, including businesses, governments, regulators, and civil society organisations among others.

Countries can work on their sectors of choice—those where they can maximise emissions reductions, given their capabilities and commitments. Through these sectoral working groups, countries motivated to reach climate neutrality in their core sectors—for instance, steel, aluminium, cement, fertilisers and automotive—can cooperate closely, including aligning decarbonisation pathways.

This paper summarises the lessons from the steel decarbonisation workshop, highlighting potential areas of cooperation between the steel sectors in India and the EU.



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Karin Jancyková