Food security in the Middle East and North Africa
Between emergency and pragmatism
Immediately after the Russian war of aggression in Ukraine, the Middle East and North Africa again became the focus of attention.
Food security, a hitherto marginal concept in the literature, became the focus of interest for regional and global actors. Fears arose that Europe would have to address the consequences of a renewed stability crisis in its southern periphery in addition to the challenges of conventional state warfare on its eastern flank.
The reality, however, is different. The states of the region were able to respond to the crisis not least because of diplomatic flexibility and neutrality.
How has the war affected the region? Have the countries of the region pursued strategies of long-term diversification of their food sources? Where are countries now sourcing their grain supplies? What impact can be expected from the recent end of the grain agreement between Russia and Ukraine? With these questions in mind, this compilation focuses on Egypt, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. These countries were considered particularly vulnerable to food crises. Finally, a regional perspective summarizes the trends regionally and identifies possible solutions.