Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

59 Production

Reevaluating the United Nations Secretariat’s Contribution to Economic Development

In recent years, not least due to the reforms of the UN Secretary General António Guterres, the role of the United Nations Secretariat as a coordinator and actor in international development cooperation has grown in importance. Wasim Mir (Senior Fellow, UN Foundation) and Sebastian Borchmeyer (Senior Program Officer, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung New York) examined in this research report to what extent the United Nations Regular Budget should count as Official Development Aid (ODA) as defined by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). For the UN Secretariat, the coefficient determining the ODA eligible share of an organization’s budget has been 18% since 2013 – this is considerably lower than the coefficient of other international (development) organizations. This underrating of the UN Secretariat's ODA Coefficient no longer does justice to its role in implementing the Agenda 2030. A reassessment seems therefore overdue.

Fast and Furious: China's rise in the Middle East and North Africa

Traditionally, China has pursued a relatively restrained foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa. This has changed dramatically in recent years. Within a few years the country has positioned itself as a new global power in the region. On the one hand, this is due to China's interest in securing access to energy and resources, expanding trade routes and opening up markets for its own export products. But there's more to it than that. President Xi Jinping's declared goal is to make China the world's number one power by 2049 - the centenary of the People's Republic.

Reuters

Bosnia and Herzegovina – a special country

A quarter of a century after the war ended – light and shadow

This year marks the 25th anniversary of the genocide in Srebrenica and the signing of the Dayton Peace Treaty in 1995. The murder of over 8,300 boys and men in July 1995 by Bosnian Serb forces of General Mladic and paramilitaries was the worst war crime in Europe since the end of the Second World War. The psychological wounds cannot be healed after 25 years.

reuters

Libya Conference: A Success for German Diplomacy

The Berlin Libya Conference is a success for German diplomacy. For five months the German government has been working behind the scenes on the so-called Berlin process for Libya, which Chancellor Merkel announced in September 2019. The conference in Berlin was preceded by several meetings of senior officials from the participating states and regional organizations. All foreign powers interfering in the Libyan conflict were brought together and committed themselves to respect the UN arms embargo and to stop bringing mercenaries and arms into the country.

Konstantin Rintelmann

Political paralysis at the brink of an economic collapse

The immense challenges for Lebanon grow with its political inability to act

The killing of the Iranian General Qassem Soleimani complicates the already stagnating formation of a government in Lebanon that has been pending for months. Hassan Diab is struggling with considerable domestic hurdles, but seems nevertheless determined not to step down. Political leadership is urgently needed: not only to implement economic reforms, but also in view of regional tensions. At the same Lebanon is sliding further into an economic crisis, the sheer scale of which politicians are only now beginning to understand. The failure of the central bank and politicians to mitigate the pervasive uncertainty by clear communication has severely damaged confidence in the currency, banks and financial system.

pixabay

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Publication of the ''Priebe'' Report

A critical review of the report on the situation regarding rule of law in the judiciary of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The so-called ''Priebe'' Report, which had been eagerly expected by both the public at large and the judiciary of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was published on December 05, 2019 in Brussels. The report was compiled by several EU experts under the leadership of Reinhard Priebe (a German lawyer and a long-time employee of the EU Commission) ''in relation to rule of law issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina''. As expected, the report is critical, but it lacks concrete recommendations for action or reform steps.

Hani-meguellati / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

Presidential Elections in Algeria

Country report in German available only

Country report in German available only

BLUE ECONOMY - "Global Best Practices Takeaways for India and Partner Nations"

- by FICCI & KAS

Comprehensive Study on Blue Economy dealing on exploitation and preservation of the marine environment

Rule of Law Handbook on Environmental Law (in Burmese)

This publication is part of our Rule of Law Handbooks series, and aims to inform a large audience about the international standards on environmental laws and Myanmar’s application of these. We hope to encourage more public participation on these issues in order for Myanmar’s sustainable development to be envisioned and carried out in an inclusive manner.

Rule of Law Handbook for Civil Society Organizations

Through this book, we aim to explain to readers the current state of laws related to Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Myanmar. The chapters are written in a non-technical language to not limit the sharing of knowledge to experts, but instead, to reach out to a wider audience as the final objective is to contribute to the development of an informed population in Myanmar who could participate in the discussions on the role of CSOs in their country.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.