Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

Reuters

De-escalation zones in Syria

Background and status quo of a paradox. In fact, the protection for the Syrian population that had been promised when the zones had been created was not provided at any time.

In May 2017, as part of the Astana peace talks, Russia, Iran and Turkey agreed on the establishment of four so-called de-escalation zones in Syria. These zones were designed to be areas in which all hostilities should cease and in which civilians should be protected from attacks. The deal had been preceded by a massive deployment of chemical weapons by the Syrian regime, followed by increasing international pressure on Syria and its ally Russia.

young shanahan/CC BY 2.0

Georgia between Shutdown und political Startup

Domestic political developments before the parliamentary elections in au- tumn

Georgia's domestic political developments in the election year are to be assessed from various angles. After a turbulent year in 2019, the government was strengthened by the sovereign management in the Corona crisis, seemingly making up ground in the past few months. The opposition also sees their status strengthened after they have successfully negotiated demands connected with a new electoral system. According to the public perception, however, there is an increasing and questionable tendency to no longer make important political decisions in the parliament, but outside of it and, if possible, with international mediation. Recent developments also reveal that judicial independence is still fragile. The hope for the upcoming parliamentary election remains that it can be assessed as fair by all sides. The compromise regarding the electoral system created a good foundation for this.

Myanmar’s Constitution Amendment Process in the year 2020

On the 21st of May 2020, the national referendum on Myanmar’s constitutional amendments, already approved by Parliament, was put on hold. Amending Myanmar’s Constitution has been a topic of much debate since the formation of a National Convention in 1993, as it is key for profound reform in the country. In this paper, we will look at the history behind the amendment process, how it as carried out, the conclusion reached in Parliament and the expected impact it may have on the upcoming elections.

reuters/Hazir Reka

Change of Government in Kosovo: 
 Constitutional Court Paves the Way

According to the Constitutional Court ruling, a new government led by Avdullah Hoti of the LDK is expected to be formed swiftly

Following the overthrow of the previous government by a vote of no confidence on 25 March 2020 initiated by the coalition partner Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), there has long been uncertainly about further political developments on the Kosovo field. Although on 30 April President Hashim Thaçi had mandated Avdullah Hoti of the LDK to form a government, the legitimacy of the mandate was however called into question and brought before the Constitutional Court by members of the Vetëvendosje (VV), the party belonging to the toppled Prime Minister Albin Kurti. The legal blockade for the formation of a new government has now been eliminated with the final decision taken by the Constitutional Court: late in the evening on 28 May, the Constitutional Court ruled that President Thaçi acted lawfully when he gave Hoti the task of forming the government.

© Public Domain

"The world HandCOV’d"

Assessing longer-term implications of the pandemic disruption for interna-tional security – a brief outlook on the possible direction of US security policy

This report is part of a series of publications by various authors in the framework of the "A New World?" project (May to October 2020) of the Minsk Dialogue Council on International Relations and the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Belarus office.

reuters/Mary Calvert

Corona Update: USA (8) – aktuelle Studien, Analysen und Kommentare

Für die Zeit vom 15. bis 21. Mai 2020

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesellschaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Umfang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. wöchentlich eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

The End of the Oslo Peace Process?

In the midst of the corona pandemic, the Palestinian leadership led by President Mahmoud Abbas announces the end of all cooperation with Israel. The decision immediately follows the swearing-in of the new Israeli government, whose coalition agreement permits unilateral annexations of the Jordan Valley and settlements in the West Bank. More than 25 years after the Oslo negotiations, the creeping disintegration of the peace process has reached its lowest point. A new peace initiative is needed.

Reuters

Geneva Barometer

Developments in Geneva’s International Organisations Mid-February 2020 – Mid-May 2020

The “Geneva Barometer” takes an occasional look at a few selected developments amongst the international organisations based in Geneva.

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Three Presidents in Crisis

Country Report in German available only

Country Report in German available only

mi chiel/CC BY-SA 2.0

Panama's government under pressure

Navigating between transparency and accusations of corruption in the fight against the virus

After a consistent, transparent and unagitated course in the fight against the coronavirus, the government of President Laurentino "Nico" Cortizo is facing a rapid loss of confidence due to the irresponsible behaviour of members of the government. Until a few days ago, the severe restrictions on the freedom of movement and action that accompanied the drastic measures to combat the pandemic were supported by the vast majority of the Panamanian population without complaint. The government gambled away this broad consensus through questionable procurement projects bordering on audacity, which almost force the presumption of attempted corruption. At the centre of the accusations is José Gabriel "Gaby" Carrizo, Panama's vice president and head of the presidential ministry.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.