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Facts and Findings

Comparing Carbon Pricing Models

by Jasper Eitze, Martin Schebesta

How can Germany Achieve its Climate Targets Sustainably?

Carbon pricing in sectors not covered by the European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) are supposed to contribute to achieving Germany’s climate targets.

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  • Given the simultaneous abolition and/or reform of existing regulations, subsidies, fees and levies, both a carbon tax and emissions trading systemare preferable to the status quo in terms of climate change policy. Social compensation is essential for both.
  • Introducing a carbon tax that is economically efficient, ecologically effective and socially viable is possible, but depends on two conditions: firstly compensation for the population and companies, secondly the integration of existing energy and carbon-related taxes. By its very nature, however, a carbon tax merely reduces emissions indirectly via price incentives.
  • An emissions trading system is technically the most effective way to limit carbon emissions by setting a limit. A national emissions trading system (ETS) for the transport and buildings sectors could be a transitional solution.
Agenda 2030
Das Kernstück der Agenda 2030 sind 17 Nachhaltigkeitsziele und insgesamt 169 Unterziele. Sie reflektieren mit der ökologischen, der ökonomischen und der sozialen Dimension alle drei Bereiche der Nachhaltigkeit und umfassen alle wichtigen Entwicklungsthemen: von der Bekämpfung des Klimawandels, den Zugang zu Bildung, der Bekämpfung von Hunger und Armut bis hin zu einer guten Gesundheitsversorgung und dem Schutz der Biodiversität.

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Jasper Eitze


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About this series

The series informs in a concentrated form about important positions of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung on current topics. The individual issues present key findings and recommendations, offer brief analyses, explain the Foundation's further plans and name KAS contact persons.


Dr. Kristin Wesemann


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Sophie Steybe

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