Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

Alket Islami

Albania: Autocratic Measures in the Shadows of Corona

Demolition of the Albanian National Theatre in Cloak-and-Dagger Operation

The Mayor of Tirana engaged in a cloak-and-dagger operation to demolish the capital´s historic National Theatre. This is not the only controversial decision taken by the ruling socialists during the Corona crisis.

Reuters//Nick Oxford

Corona Update: USA (7) – aktuelle Studien, Analysen und Kommentare

Für die Zeit vom 8. bis 14. Mai 2020

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesell-schaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Um-fang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. wöchentlich eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

Andrius Ufartas / DELFI

Economic Perspectives for Lithuania in Times of COVID-19

Economic Promotion Programme and a Corona Package of Measures to Help the Shrinking Lithuanian Economy

Various institutions estimate that we can expect the Lithuanian economy to shrink from 7.3 to 8.1 per cent in the year 2020 owing to the coronavirus pandemic. In March, the Parliament adopted a programme concluded by the government to promote the economy and mitigate the effects of Covid-19. One of the newly planned measures met with sharp criticism.

U.S. Mission / Eric Bridiers / flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

Weekly overview of developments in multilateral Geneva on COVID-19

(30 April - 13 May)

The „Geneva Telegram“ analyses current developments in the multilateral organiza-tions in Geneva relative to current events. During these weeks, it focuses on devel-opments in the Geneva-based organizations related to COVID-19. The pandemic does not only have a health dimension but also substantial consequences for the future of the global economy, world trade, work, flight and migration, the humanitarian sector and human rights. It also affects the multilateral system as a whole.

AGERPRES / Wikimedia / CC BY 3.0

The case of KÖVESI v. ROMANIA

The European Court of Human Rights rules: Kövesi's dismissal as head of the Romanian anti-corruption agency was illegal

The current head of the newly created European Public Prosecutor's Office, Laura Codruța Kövesi, comes from Romania. There, she served as Attorney General for six years and heades the Romanian Anti-Corruption Agency (DNA) from 2013, until she was released in July 2018 in a controversial case and after a decision by the Romanian Constitutional Court. Kövesi appealed to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Strasbourg against this dismissal. On May 5, 2020, the ECtHR ruled that her release has run against the standards of the European “Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms” (ECHR). In this (particularly in Romania) highly anticipated decision, the Court found that the Romanian state's dismissal of Ms Kövesi had violated her rights to freedom of expression and fair trial as laid down in Article 10 and Article 6 ECHR.

Decentralization of the MSME Sector

A Study in Kayin and Mon States

This research focuses on decentralization and its impact on the administrative and legislative sectors in regards to the development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Kayin and Mon states.

U.S. Mission / Eric Bridiers / flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

Geneva between hope and disillusionment in the fight against COVID-19

Weekly overview of developments in multilateral Geneva on COVID-19 

In the past two weeks, there were several encour- aging multilateral efforts to fight the pandemic. A global initiative, led by the World Health Organiza- tion (WHO) to accelerate the development, produc- tion and equitable distribution of vaccines, diagnos- tics and therapeutics deserves particular attention. However, there were also various sobering exam- ples for the limited readiness to cooperate and respect agreed-upon global norms.

Lebanon’s Administrative Judiciary and its Implication on the Country’s Rule of Law

What is administrative jurisdiction and why is it important for a country?

Countries in the MENA region currently lack thorough and stable administrative judiciary systems, which in turn reinforces the people’s lack of confidence towards it. Hence, a wave of recent reforms and changes within the administrative judiciary has appeared in order to implement and ensure the proper application of justice, as well as to increase and enhance the effective access to it.

Jennifer Boyer/flickr/CC-BY 2.0

Curfew unconstitutional

Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina (more precisely, its entity “Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina” which covers slightly more than half of the country, including its capital Sarajevo) at the beginning of the corona pandemic has imposed one of the strictest curfews in Europe for two groups: minors and elderly people above 65. This curfew has now been subject of a decision by the Bosnian Constitutional Court. The court did not completely annul the measure, but ordered a revision. The imposed curfew is considered to not meet the required proportionality. It is one of the first Constitutional Court decisions on the legality of emergency measures imposed during the Corona crisis. Other Constitutional Courts in South East European countries are also expected to take decisions soon.

Flickr/UN Geneva/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

The Judiciary as protector of human rights and the rule of law in times of a pandemic

On the occasion of the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace

Diego García-Sayán, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers highlights the necessary global judicial response to the current public health crisis. Diego García-Sayán calls on UN Member States to take appropriate measures on eight relevant judicial aspects, while also preserving their citizen’s fundamental human rights and particularly their right to health.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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