Facts & Findings

aus der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

T.S. Aditya Narasimhan/shutterstock, Flagge Serbiens © The Government of Serbia, National symbols, Flagge Nordmazedoniens © SKopp, neu gezeichnet von Gabbe/wikipedia

Dispute between the Macedonian Orthodox Church and the Serbian Orthodox Church

A Burden on North Macedonia?

The conflict between the Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC) and the Macedonian Orthodox Church (MOC) has existed for more than 50 years. It erupted in the late 1960s and is thus part of the legacy left by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and, as part of it, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople wants to mediate. What are the options for action?

Bertrand Guay / Getty Images

France has a problem with Islamism

Analysis on how conflicting narratives polarize political and cultural identities in France

The killing of a French teacher sparked a new discussion on Islamism and Islamist terrorism. One thing is clear: France has a deeper problem with Islamism. What is causing the problem? Which aspects can also be important for Germany? What preventive measures can we take?

iStock by Getty Images/NaLha

Carbon border adjustment mechanism: Tax or tariff for the climate?

How can the EU enforce more stringent climate targets and at the same time prevent industry from migrating?

The EU is planning to introduce a carbon border adjustment mechanism. The background to this is the more stringent climate targets and concerns that industry could migrate. But how to design such an adjustment mechanism? Our Facts & Findings presents three options and discusses the respective advantages and disadvantages of these instruments.

© iStock/MicroStockHub, shutterstock/Krakenimages.com

Resilience and Stability in the banking and fincancial system?

The situation is serious: The corona crisis challenges the financial and banking system.
What is the situation and what do we do now?

Weak profitability, unresolved regulatory challenges and increasing competition in the digital sector pose further challenges for banks. Due to the finiancial crisis 2008/2009 the financial system is now more resilient and better able to sustain the financing of the real economy. However, further improvements in financial stability, such as increased capital requirements, regulation of shadow banks or reforms in financial supervision, are needed. Our facts & findings illustrates the difficult situation and shows recommendations which necessarily should be introduced.

s_ant/stock.adobe.com, denisismagilov/stock.adobe.com

Is the European Semester waking from its long slumber?

A call for increased convergence and competitiveness

The corona crisis divided the EU economically. With the new special fund the instrument of the European Semester has a crucial role to play. What must we bear in mind?


Germany’s geopolitical role in an age of great power rivalries, Part 3

Part III: Security and defence policy

Germany and the EU are finding themselves in a world of great power rivalries and systemic competition, which have an impact on almost all aspects of international relations including multilateral cooperation, world trade, technology policy and security policy. What political strategy should Germany follow? The Working Group of Young Foreign Policy Experts addresses this question with policy recommendations for Germany's security and defence policy.


Germany’s geopolitical role in an age of great power rivalries, Part 2

Part II: Economic and technology policy

German economic policy is facing many challenges – the Covid-19 pandemic is only the latest in a long line. These began with the economic stagnation of large swathes of Europe, moving on to the trade war between the US and China and Europe, and the challenges of electromobility faced by German car manufacturers. Germany and the EU have to come up with some creative answers. The Working Group of Young Foreign Policy Experts addresses these issues and provides policy recommendations in this paper.

Germany’s geopolitical role in an age of great power rivalries, Part 1

Part I: Strategic foreign policy

Germany and the EU increasingly find themselves in a world of great power rivalries and systemic competition. This is affecting almost every aspect of international relations – hampering multilateral cooperation, impacting world trade and technology policy, and having an effect on conflict situations linked to security and defence policy. What strategy should Germany follow here? The Working Group of Young Foreign Policy Experts addresses these challenges and provides policy recommendations in this paper.

Hacking the Electorate

Thoughts on Misinformation and Personal Data Protection

Data-driven political campaigning is not a new phenomenon, but the tools, the amount of data accessible and thus the possibilities are. This is a challenging scenario for public institutions because the combination of misuse of personal data and misinformation techniques becomes a real threat to democracy. This paper gives examples of how political campaigns can act accordingly to the principles and main guidance of general data protection regulations.

jozsitoeroe / stock.adobe.com

Climate Performance of the G7 States and the Corona Crisis

How can we reconcile Climate Protection and the Economy?

The Corona crisis has driven the G7 countries into recession. It is clear that economic recovery must be based on sustainable criteria. The main issue here is how best to reconcile economic growth and climate protection. Our Analyses & Arguments therefore suggests that the climate performance of the G7 countries should increasingly be assessed on the basis of CO2 productivity, taking industrial production and power generation as key influencing variables.

About this series

This serial informs and merges major issues of current topics the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is dealing with.

The editions present:





  • Results and recommendations
  • Offer short analysis
  • Illustrate future plans and
  • List contacts within the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung


Ordering Information


Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.

Dr. Kristin Wesemann


Leiterin Stabsstelle Strategie und Planung

Kristin.Wesemann@kas.de + 49 30 26996 3803

Marianne Graumann

Marianne Graumann

Teamleiterin Publikationen, Print und Qualitätssicherung

marianne.graumann@kas.de +49 30 26996 3726 +49 30 26996 53726