Facts & Findings

aus der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

Reuters/Christian Charisius

How to Proceed with Nord Stream 2?

Germany's Foreign Policy Options

When it comes to Nord Stream 2, opinions tend to differ sharply. What constitutes a primarily economic project for some is a highly political issue for others. Irrespective of the pipeline commissioning in 2020, many issues remain open and harbour serious political risks.

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Deceptive calm?

Centrifugal forces in the Eurozone remain high

The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has experienced an eventful history since the introduction of the Euro as currency twenty years ago. The past decade in particular was shaped by crisis. The interplay of external shocks and design flaws in the Eurozone showcased that a future-proof Euro calls for two lines of actions: firstly competitive European economies with sound public finances and the ability to address global challenges politically; secondly an institutional framework that allows for sufficient coordination of national economic and fiscal policies, enforces the liability principle, and provides emergency tools for economic crises. This paper seeks to provide arguments and generate momentum for EMU’s further development.

Comparing Carbon Pricing Models

How can Germany Achieve its Climate Targets Sustainably?

Carbon pricing in sectors not covered by the European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) are supposed to contribute to achieving Germany’s climate targets.

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Christian democrats in crisis?

Status and perspectives of Europe‘s Christian democratic parties

From the 1980s onwards, Christian democratic parties began to decline. While some parties came down rather steeply, others went through a succession of ups and downs. However, Christian democratic parties are still widely spread. They exist in 25 European countries. When this study was concluded, they formed part of the government in twelve of these countries, and in five, they furnished the head of the government. Contrary to the general trend in this family of parties, some Christian democratic parties were able to effect a recovery, albeit to a widely varying extent. The climbers were successful because they laid greater stress on subjects like internal security and migration control, liberal positions, new candidates, and personalised campaigns. On the other hand, concentrating on the imagination of groups holding conservative values is of no avail because the groups that once formed faithful reservoirs of Christian democratic voters are now dying out. Having several wings and using these to mobilise different milieus is helpful to a Christian democratic party. Especially in times of growing societal pluralisation, this is crucial for a party to remain successful or become successful again.

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Europe’s next steps in successfully shaping the process of digitisation

Time to act – and fast!

Europe has crossed the threshold to the digital age. Today, digitisation pervades all areas of society and has brought about processes of profound change. Future advances in key digital technologies will accelerate these processes of change still more. The positive potentials of the digital transformation of Europe and the world are enormous. If Europe wants to fully exploit the potentials of the emergent digital age and hold its own against international competition, it cannot rest on its laurels. Rather, Europe must actively shape the process of digital transformation, purposefully mobilise its own potentials and determinedly push ahead with the necessary changes. Against this background the following paper presents specific policy recommendations for successfully shaping the process of digitisation.

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Gig Economy: Opportunity or Risk for the Labour Market?

Despite public attention, the impact of the gig economy on the German labour market has so far been low. Regardless, the emergence of new flexible models of the platform economy increases employment. The classification of the gig economy has encouraged public debate where legal and societal factors related to labour market, social, data and competition policy come into play. Social insurance of gig workers in particular dominates the current debate. The distinction between (solo) self-employed and (classic) employee becomes blurred. Where and when exactly does the platform become an employer?

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The Belt and Road Initiative

China’s Strategies to Secure its Foreign Investments

The success of the Belt and Road Initiative is of central importance for realising the “Chinese dream” and legitimising the CCP as a guarantor for prosperity and security. Increased Chinese investment volumes and a growing interdependence of multinational corporations go hand in hand with greater risks. Beijing is adopting various strategies in order to protect its global investments, which in turn increasingly threaten to undermine its self-imposed policy of non-interference.

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A Club for Egoists?

Low expectations of the G20 summit in Osaka, Japan

Japan will be hosting its first annual G20 meeting of heads of state and government on 28 and 29 June 2019. The country is taking a constructive approach to this task and has adopted its own agenda, but despite this, expectations of the Osaka Summit are low. Will the Japanese G20 presidency succeed in exploring new opportunities for cooperation between industrialized and emerging economies, or will blockade, national egoism and mutual distrust also prevail at this meeting? The paper highlights the conditions for the upcoming G20 summit.

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Social Networks under an obligation! Freedom of expression under threat?

The Network Enforcement Act in Practice: Stocktaking and Recommendations for Action

The aim of the Network Enforcement Act (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz, NetzDG) is to combat hatred on the Internet, and social networks are to be made responsible in a regulated manner. The law is controversial, so many critics fear, for example, that the operators of the networks would delete too much as a precaution due to the short 24-hour period and thus restrict the freedom of expression of the users. The present brief report is on the one hand an inventory of the practice of the NetzDG and also offers recommendations for action for the upcoming amendment of the law.

NATO after its Brussels Summit: Operational Progress amidst Strategic Confusion

While the Alliance is deeply troubled by the political divisions emerging between its member states, operational progress has been achieved in recent years. NATO’s deterrence posture on the Eastern flank has been strengthened with the establishment of rapid-response elements; what remains to be done now is the generation of follow-on forces among other things. Furthermore, forward-looking decisions about other theaters such as NATO’s engagement in Afghanistan and domains such as the cyber and nuclear realm are pending. This paper analyzes the Alliance's strategic situation in different respects and gives recommendations on how to proceed.

About this series

This serial informs and merges major issues of current topics the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is dealing with.

The editions present:

  • Results and recommendations
  • Offer short analysis
  • Illustrate future plans and
  • List contacts within the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.