Facts & Findings

aus der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

Strategic Deliberations about the Future of German Security Policy

More than a year on from the speech President Joachim Gauck made at the Munich Security Conference, the impact of his words is still being felt. In view of the crises in Eastern Europe and in the Middle East, his demand for greater German engagement in international security policy has evoked particular resonance. Both crises remain unresolved, and there is every reason to assume that Germany will be faced with further challenges over the coming months.

EU Elections - Where Are the Voters?

Study about the low turnout in new EU Member States

From 22 to 25 May 2014, EU citizens went to the polls to cast their votes for a new EU Parliament. Almost 60 per cent of eligible voters stayed away. Turnout throughout Europe was therefore lower than ever before in European Union history. An analysis of the figures for the 28 EU Member States shows that turnout was particularly low in countries of Central and Eastern Europe, which did not join the EU until 2004 and 2013 in the course of the eastern EU enlargement. Investigation of the underlying reasons for the low turnout and some recommendations for action on how turnout could be increased.

Islam - Islamism

Clarification for turbulent times

“No one is as murderously ‘Islamophobic’ as Islamists are.” These are the words used by the British journalist Nick Cohen several years ago to express the fact that it is Islamists in particular who do the greatest public damage to Islam. It is important and essential to make a clear and thorough distinction between Islam and Islamism. Islam is a complex and multi-faceted religion and ideology, and any simplified description reflects the thinking of precisely those representatives with whom this text is concerned.

After the Wales Summit: An Assessment of NATO's Strategic Agenda

Two weeks after the NATO Summit in Wales the Konrad Adenauer Foundation invited a select group of experts and officials to discuss the results of the Wales Summit and the challenges that lie ahead. The participants provided concrete recommendations for German policy-makers regarding Berlin’s role in influencing NATO’s prospective strategic focus. Among the most pressing issues discussed were the current situation in Ukraine, possible ways of how to react to Putin’s aggressive demeanor in the long run, and how to adapt NATO’s tasks and capabilities accordingly.

The German G7 Presidency (II)

Placing Emphasis on Economic Aspects to Further Development

The foundation for the new development agenda for the post-2015 era must be based on a thorough examination of the results achieved to date in fulfilling the Millennium Development Goals drawn up in 2001. Current discussions on the sustainable funding of development cooperation and the interaction between climate policy and development policy must also be taken into account. Only if the growth potentials in the developing and newly industrialised countries can be harnessed will it be possible to prevent greater development and security challenges arising.

The German G7 Presidency (III)

Climate Policy: Develop Emissions Trading System. Advance the Transformation of the Energy System. Enhance Adaptability.

Featuring the global climate conference in Paris, 2015 will be a key year in the fight against climate change. One of the main aims of the G7 Summit should be to forge a consensus on climate change for a follow-up agreement to the Kyoto Protocol within the G7. To achieve the two-degree target, the focus must remain on the avoidance of emissions. For this purpose an effective emissions trading system should be developed. Moreover, the superior climate technologies in possession of the G7 nations should be capitalized on in the framework of technology, capacity and scientific partnerships.

The German G7 Presidency (I)

The G7 as an Opportunity - Returning to value-based Global Governance

With the re-establishment of the G7, the democracies of the West will once again have their own forum as a community of shared values. However, the G7 nations face several fundamental challenges: Both a strategic debate about transatlantic relations and specification of a shared constructive position vis-à-vis Russia are required. During its G7 presidency Germany should thus clearly foreground the opportunities offered by a strengthened Western partnership of values. The German government should also promote the elaboration of a long-term vision and strategy for the MENA region.

Global Megatrends (III): Raw Materials – Explore Alternatives and Create New Paradigms

Global energy consumption and the demand for industrial raw materials are continuing to increase with the sustained rise of new economic powers. Although German politics and the German economy are already well placed in many respects regarding energy and raw material supplies, there are three areas that are manifestly due greater attention in a purposeful foreign policy. These include urban mining and the substitution of raw materials, particularly in order to reduce dependence on rare earths; establishing a dialogue on energy issues with developing and newly industrialised countries.

Requirements for the Post-2015 Agenda: Greater Political Participation, Equality and Sustainability

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are due to expire in 2015. They have formed the international agenda for improving people’s living conditions for fifteen years. Several of the targets linked to theeight goals, such as halving extreme poverty and halving the proportion of people who do not have access to safe drinking water, have already been achieved. There has been little progress in other areas, such as the fight against hunger and secure jobs. While the old goals have been helpful, they are too technical.

European Energy Supply Security in Light of the Ukraine Crisis


The Ukraine crisis is intensifying the long-standing debate about the security of Europe’s energy supplies. On a geopolitical level, the EU’s energy interests to the east, south, and southeast are gaining salience. The idea of a transatlantic gas supply corridor has recently been proposed - it remains on the drawing board because of costly infrastructure requirements and stiff competition for energy from Asia. Within the EU, the Ukraine crisis is providing further impetus for the shift of political priorities away from climate concerns and towards policies focused on security and competition.

About this series

This serial informs and merges major issues of current topics the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is dealing with.

The editions present:

  • Results and recommendations
  • Offer short analysis
  • Illustrate future plans and
  • List contacts within the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

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