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Sustainability Monitor

Path to COP28

Lessons for International Climate Policy

No significant progress was made at COP27, with the exception of the planned fund to compensate damage and loss. Therefore, the question increasingly arises whether the UNFCCC process should be flanked more strongly in future by multilateral initiatives, for example within the framework of the G7 and G20, in order to develop more momentum.

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At COP27, it was possible to avoid falling behind previous agreements in the area of emissions reduction, but significant progress was not achieved. The goal of the Paris Agreement was reaffirmed and countries were asked to improve their national climate protection plans by the next COP. Due to a lack of readiness and ambition and no clear commitment to phase out all fossil fuels, reaching the 1.5 degree target seems increasingly unlikely. One exception was the planned fund to compensate damage and loss, which is to benefit vulnerable developing countries in particular. The exact design of the fund and the volume of the financial instrument remain open. Moreover, it is unclear whether economically strong emerging countries such as China or India will participate. Overall, how difficult partners are dealt with will be decisive for international climate policy.

In view of the insufficient progress made by the international community in the fight against climate change, cooperation and alliances at the level of the G20 states could represent an important lever for achieving the climate goals and help implement the principle of common but differentiated responsibility in the shift away from fossil fuels.

Read the entire Monitor: "Path to COP28 - Lessons for International Climate Policy" from our Sustainability series here as a PDF. 

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Gisela Elsner

Gisela Elsner kas

Global Sustainability

gisela.elsner@kas.de +49 30 26996-3759
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About this series

The publications of the Sustainability Monitor are part of our Monitor publication series. The Monitor series deals with one main topic at a time from the perspective of KAS experts and places it in the political and social context on the basis of a few key points.