Asset Publisher

Tommy Clark/flickr/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Energy and Climate Policy

Energy and Climate Policy


The protection of the climate and thus the preservation of creation is one of the major existential issues of the future.

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, former Minister of Defence

Asset Publisher

At a glance

  • Combating man-made, rapidly progressing climate change requires consistent action. Germany has set itself ambitious goals in this regard and aims to be climate-neutral by 2045.
  • The highest priority when achieving climate neutrality is a sustainable energy policy and the switch to a Co2-neutral energy production.
  • Security of supply must play a central role in energy policy. We are therefore looking at tools and technologies that may in future be of great importance for the success of the energy transformation.
  • Stable energy prices secure the competitiveness of Germany as an industrial location while also preventing the migration of energy-intensive industries to states with lower climate regulations (carbon leakage).



1. Climate change as the starting point for a responsible energy policy

2. Decarbonisation as a central goal of energy and climate policy

3. Security of supply must remain guaranteed

4. Stable energy prices are essential

5. Our offers and projects on the topic

6. Publications, events and media contributions on the topic


Climate change as the starting point for a responsible energy policy

Over the past few years, a number of droughts, floods and increased weather extremes have occurred that are connected to man-made climate change. This is attributed to the sharp rise in CO2 emissions since the era of industrialisation. Combating the advancing climate change is one of the key global challenges of our time, which also requires consistent action from Germany.

So as to ensure climate protection, in the Paris Climate Agreement Germany has committed to contributing towards meeting the 1.5-degree target and has set itself the ambitious goal of become climate-neutral by 2045.


Decarbonisation as a central goal of energy and climate policy

The priority objective of a sustainable energy policy must be the rapid shift towards a CO2-neutral energy production.  This requires a holistic energy transition that involves completely restructuring the energy supply in all sectors and replacing fossil fuels with climate-compatible renewable energies. To achieve this, national instruments need to be closely interlinked with the European Green Deal.  In order to reduce CO2 emissions as quickly and efficiently as possible, policy-makers must set framework conditions to enable innovative solutions. Developing specific recommendations for action in this context is an integral part of our work.

Market-based instruments, such as the European emissions trading, which internalises the external costs of CO2 emissions, must be prioritised given that they enable the most efficient and fastest reductions in emissions. Likewise, a successful climate and energy policy is reliant on all available technologies and climate innovations. An openness to technology, such as in the area of negative emission technologies for the capture, storage and use of CO2, is a fundamental prerequisite for successfully pursuing the transformation path towards climate neutrality. 


Security of supply must remain guaranteed: Indispensable for a responsible energy policy

The Russian war of aggression against Ukraine has starkly illustrated Germany’s dependence on energy imports and highlights in particular the dangers of one-sided dependencies. Even the fundamentally correct and important expansion of renewable energies harbours challenges for security of supply, however. On the one hand, more decentralised electricity production means that producers and consumers are often no longer in close proximity, while on the other hand, renewable energies are strongly weather dependent and their contribution to the electricity supply is correspondingly volatile.

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is using a variety of potential instruments that attempt to deal with these challenges and which are crucial for the success of the energy transition. The range of tasks extends from expanding and digitalising grids, making the design of the electricity market more flexible and increasing energy efficiency right through to using alternative emission-free energy sources beyond solar and wind, such as biomass or geothermal energy. In particular, green hydrogen – and for the market launch potentially also blue hydrogen – will play a key role here; both in the storage of energy and the energy supply of industrial processes that cannot be electrified or are difficult to electrify.  


Stable energy prices are essential: they secure competitive industrial locations and prevent carbon leakage

As an industrialised country, Germany is dependent on stable energy prices for a functioning social and ecological market economy. Energy and climate policy must therefore guarantee affordable energy prices for Germany as an industrial location. Otherwise there is a danger that energy-intensive industries and companies will migrate to regions with lower climate standards due to a lack of competitiveness. Overall, so-called carbon leakage, i.e. the transfer of emission-intensive processes to world regions with low emission costs and regulations, improves the national carbon footprint, yet this leads to higher CO2 emissions elsewhere.

This therefore needs to be prevented for both climate policy and competition policy reasons. Successful energy and climate policy can thus only succeed globally, and an ambitious climate diplomacy is necessary in order to tackle global challenges and sustainably reduce emissions.

Climate and energy policy should be considered together as part of a holistic approach, in which the reciprocal relationship (of tension) needs to be taken into account. What is thus needed is a carefully thought out and a constantly rebalanced balancing act between climate protection, security of supply and price stability.

Our offers and projects on the topic

International offices and programmes

Energy and climate policy invariably needs to be assessed in the global context, since climate change does not respect national borders. Our actions in these areas have a global impact in many respects, which is why we need comprehensive joint solutions involving as many states as possible as opposed to governments who go it alone. With our energy security and climate change programmes, we attempt to contribute to this by promoting dialogue on these issues in several regions around the world.

International Energy Security and Climate Change Programmes


The Paris Climate Agreement determined the framework for the necessary limitation of man-made global warming. Achieving this goal, which also includes turning away from fossil fuels, is an important step on the way towards a more sustainable way of life, but it demands a lot from all relevant players. One of the greatest challenges of our time is to transform the energy sector without compromising economic efficiency and social prosperity.

As the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, we want to contribute towards achieving the goals formulated in the Paris Climate Agreement. With our four Regional Programmes, we have therefore been promoting supra-regional dialogue on energy, climate and environmental policy since 2015 with the aim of raising awareness of these issues in the relevant regions, supporting current discussions and implementing concrete projects on sustainable action in politics, business and society.


Learn more about the energy security and climate change programmes



So as to promote a market- and innovation-oriented strategy for climate neutrality, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung has entered into a cooperation with EPICO KlimaInnovation – a think tank and network for sustainable, market-based and innovation-oriented climate and energy policy.

Cooperation with EPICO KlimaInnovation


The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung has been cooperating with EPICO KlimaInnovation since 2021. The think tank has set itself the goal of developing sustainable, market- and innovation-oriented strategies for climate neutrality and contributing towards their implementation. One project is the centrepiece of the cooperation: “Policy Accelerator for Climate Innovation”. Here, clear recommendations for action on key issues of energy policy were developed, as well as targets for achieving climate neutrality. In future, a strong network of politics, business and society will be used to drive forward their implementation.


Learn more about the cooperation with EPICO KlimaInnovation

Asset Publisher

Asset Publisher


Sabina Wölkner

Sabina Wölkner

Head of Department 2030 Agenda +32 2 66931-77 +32 2 66931-62

Martin Schebesta

Martin Schebesta bild

Policy Advisor Energy and Resources +49 30 26996 3595 +49 30 26996 3551
Single title
February 14, 2023
read now
Single title / wirestock
April 29, 2022
read now
Event Reports
KAS / Juliane Liebers
January 27, 2023
read now

Asset Publisher

Publications, events and media contributions on the topic

Our contributions are as wide-ranging and multifaceted as the topic itself!

Whether it's an expert interview, specialist publication or hot debate - click through and you're guaranteed to find the right format for you!

Asset Publisher

Publications to the topic

Зелені робочі місця у Віннцькій міській територіальній громаді РАЦСД

Green Jobs in Vinnytsia City Territorial Community

Policy paper

Nova energetika

Neue Energie

Policy Paper

24-06-06 Synergie

Synergieeffekte für die Nachhaltigkeit

Biodiversität, Umwelt und Kreislaufwirtschaft

Eine Wasserstoffpipeline mit Windturbinen und im Hintergrund Adobe Stock / kilimanjaro

Energy transition? Yes, but please make it sustainable!

Appeal for an environmentally friendly, secure and affordable energy supply in Germany


Die Konferenz "Green Future, Youth Creation 2024"

Landwirtschaft und nachhaltige Entwicklung


Report on International Summer School on Climate Change

PPI Policy Paper Portada 1

Policy Paper PPI N°1: Mujeres indígenas, entre la resistencia y la resilencia

Propuestas y soluciones locales de adaptación al cambio climático lideradas por mujeres indígenas en Latinoamérica

Advancing Global Health: Insights from the 154th WHO Executive Board Meeting

Map of the Month 02/2024


Referenzstudie: Potenziale der erneuerbaren Energien in der Mongolei

Studien, Erhebungen und Großprojekte seit 1990

cover eng summary ukrainian energy security dialogue 2023

The conference of the Ukrainian Energy Security Dialogue 2023: Resilience and Recovery


oil platform_shutterstock

The Offshore Energy Potential of the Black Sea

Luftaufnahme auf das von einer Flutkatastrophe betroffene Beledweyne in Zentralsomalia IMAGO / Xinhua

East Africa: When it rains, it pours

What influence do current floods have on the socio-political development of the region?

Überschwemmter Fußgängerweg Adobe Stock / lensw0rld

German-Austrian Collaboration: Climate Change Solutions for the EU

Outcome paper of the Vienna Dialogue 2023

Publication TUDA-Lanna Beyond PM2.5

Beyond PM2.5

Environmental Justice and Insight Urban Solution for the Next Generation


Pakistan Floods

Underlining the Need for Regional Cooperation for Disaster Risk Management in South Asia

COP28 Cover-Bild Adobe Stock / Ricochet64

COP28: Too Big to Fail?

The World Climate Conference: A Litmus Test for the Paris Climate Agreement and a Guiderail for Future Climate Policy.

FS - C1 - news

[Fact sheet] CASE 1: Electric Public Transport

Bogota (Colombia)

Repair and Reuse Final_Seite_01 (1)

Repair and Reuse (R&R): Exploring the feasibility of R&R business model in Hong Kong

Palais des Nations Geneva II

Geneva Barometer

Developments among Geneva-based international organisations from October to December 2023

The Decarbonisation Agenda in Türkiye, the European Union and the Eastern Mediterranean

Asset Publisher

Events on the topic



Eine Region im Wandel

Fahrradtour durch das Ruhrgebiet "25 Jahre Industriekultur"




Frankreich und Deutschland in Europa

Frankreichseminar Straßburg




Sicherheitspolitik im Baltikum

Die Baltenrepubliken zwischen Europa, der NATO und Russland



St. Peter

Die USA vor den Wahlen

Gespaltene Weltmacht?

Event Reports on the topic

Event Reports on the topic


Kann die Marktwirtschaft das Klima retten?

Ulrike Herrmann in der Diskussion mit Jens Spahn MdB

Tag der KAS 2023 - Abendveranstaltung Blick in den Saal KAS

The coexistence of generations is the foundation of our democracy

KAS Day 2023


Der Green Deal als Blaupause für Innovation und Nachhaltigkeit?

Veranstaltungsbericht: Seminar zum Thema "European Green Deal" in der Villa La Collina, Cadenabbia

Der „German-Arab Gulf Dialogue“ erstmalig in der KAS.

Old partners, new alliances?

The "German-Arab Gulf Dialogue" for the first time at the KAS

20220716_AntjeBoetiusPortrait_RagnarAxelsson_002.jpg Alfred-Wegener-Institut / Ragnar Axelsson, Ilulissat Grönland Juli 2022

Meeresschutz ist Küstenschutz - Der Lebensraum Meer und seine Bedeutung für unser Leben

Mittagstalk mit der Meeresforscherin Antje Boetius

Franz-Meyers-Forum 31.03.2023

Die Energiekrise – Wendepunkt für eine gerechte und nachhaltige Energieversorgung


The Power of Crisis KAS / Juliane Liebers

Energiekonferenz: Der Ruf nach mehr Freiraum für Innovation

The Power of Crisis: Energie der Zukunft

Dormagener Gespräch 19.08.2022

"Wasserstoff: Energieträger der Zukunft?!"

Dormagener Gespräch unter der Schirmherrschaft von Hermann Gröhe MdB


Summer School

Klimawandel, Nachhaltigkeit und Umweltschutz

„Außer Spesen nix gewesen? Arbeit und Umsetzung der Klima-Enquete-Kommission“ KAS Bremen

„Außer Spesen nix gewesen? Arbeit und Umsetzung der Klima-Enquete-Kommission“

Abendveranstaltung mit Martin Michalik, Jens Eckhoff und Martin Busch

Schirmherr Oberbürgermeister Martin Horn KAS/Thomas Langer

Politischer Wille und Umsetzungskraft entscheiden über erfolgreiche kommunale Klimapolitik

Handlungsbedarf erkannt: Kommunen zeigen, wie innovative Klimaanpassung vor Ort funktioniert

Kernkraftwerk in Cattenom, Frankreich (Foto: S. Kühn) S. Kühn

Renaissance der Atomkraft?

Führt der Russlandkrieg in der Ukraine und die Energiewende in Deutschland zu einer Renaissance der Atomkraft?

Weltenbummler und Aktivisten N. Jilderda/ Pexels

Von Weltenbummlern und Aktivisten

Wie steht die Jugend zum Klimaschutz?


Media library

Media Dialogue Forum 6 Year 4

WATCH AGAIN: Facebook-live Recording "COP28 and the Way Forward"

Listen to a debrief on the issues discussed and agreements reached at COP28 in Dubai and their implication for Thailand going forward.

Media Dialogue Forum 5 Year 4

WATCH AGAIN: Facebook-live Recording "Thorny Issues ahead of COP28"

Hear from the experts and look ahead to the key issues facing the negotiation rounds at the COP28 in Dubai this year.

Media Dialogue Forum 3 Year 4

WATCH AGAIN: Facebook-live Recording "Dam or No Dam? in the Country’s Natural World Heritage Sites"

The discussion and input from stakeholders on large water management development projects in Thailand's World Heritage sites and a serious challenge for the preservation.

Media Dialogue Forum 2 Year 4 by Bangkok Tribune News Agency

WATCH AGAIN: Facebook-live Recording on El Niño - From Global Warming to Global Boiling

Experts and stakeholders discussed on how Thailand should prepare to cope with the escalation and effects of the climate change in both short and long terms.

Mitschnitt unserer Veranstaltung am 11. Juli 2023 in Dessau-R...

Verantwortung für die Zukunft: Klimaschutz als Gemeinschaftsaufgabe

Media Dialogue Forum 1 Year 4 by Bangkok Tribune News Agency

WATCH AGAIN: Environmental Policies and Challenges in the New Politics

Explore the ideas for Thailand’s next possible moves on addressing environmental policies after the general election for the sustainable development in the country

Special Forum by Bangkok Tribune News Agency

WATCH AGAIN: SDGs l The Depth of Field

Explore the way forwards for Thailand in the transitional era to tackle with the challenges behind the SDGs.

Auslandsinfo. Spotlight

Klimawandel in der Arktis: Die Meeresforscherin Prof. Dr. Antje Boetius im Gespräch

In dieser Folge unseres Podcasts sprechen wir mit der Meeresforscherin Antje Boetius über die Auswirkungen der Eisschmelze und die Möglichkeiten der Politik.

Neue Folge unseres Podcasts

Klimawandel in der Arktis: Die Meeresforscherin Prof. Dr. Antje Boetius im Gespräch

Wir sprechen mit der Meeresforscherin Antje Boetius über die Auswirkungen der Eisschmelze und die Möglichkeiten der Politik, dem Klimawandel entgegenzutreten.

Ein Plädoyer für den Freihandel

Experteninterview mit Prof. Dr. Galina Kolev über Freihandel und Klimaschutz

Prof. Dr. Galina Kolev beleuchtet im dritten Kapitel die Frage, ob Freihandel dem Klima schadet

Asset Publisher