30 years of the Oslo Accords
The image of the handshake between Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), on September 13, 1993, spread around the world. 45 years after the founding of the state of Israel and the "Nakba" for the Palestinians, and 16 years after the Six-Day War, with which the military occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip by the Israeli army began, a peace in the Middle East seemed to come within reach in form of a Two States Solution . With the "Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements", the first part of the so-called Oslo Accords, it formalized mutual recognition and laid the foundation for a sovereign Palestinian state. A transition period of five years was set for the implementation of the agreements, during which the final status issues – the status of Jerusalem, the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, the status of Palestinian refugees, the distribution of resources and security issues – should have been clarified. But, the negotiations ended inconclusively. Since then, the Oslo Accords became permanent with implications on the daily life of Palestinians, but also with uncertainties for the future.
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