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After the elections is before the elections

by Anja Czymmeck, Nele Katharina Wissmann

France is in crisis after the European elections

The European elections set an important course for the European Union in the coming years. At stake are the framework conditions for democracy, prosperity and security against the backdrop of a changing geopolitical world, but in France the national perspective dominated, and this election was framed as a mid-term election for the Macron government. The European elections in France ended with a bang. The overwhelming victory of the Rassemblement National and the fact that the ruling Renaissance party received only half as many votes as the right-wing populists led President Emmanuel Macron to dissolve the National Assembly on the evening of the election and announce new elections to be held on 30 June and 7 July.

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38 lists contested the European elections in France on June 9 - a new record. This means that 2997 French candidates competed for a total of 81 seats in the European Parliament. The five percent threshold applied, which was reached by a total of 7 parties. This European election in France made it clear that the upheaval in the party system is continuing and that the showdown between right-wing populists and Macronists, which was expected to take place in the presidential elections in 2027, will take place three years earlier. The right-wing populist Rassemblement National is becoming increasingly dominant and is continuing its de-demonization tactics. The change in the party spectrum in France that has been observed since 2017 is therefore progressing. The center seems to be disappearing and the fringes are becoming stronger. As in the 2019 election campaign, the Macron camp was unable to convincingly position Renaissance as the only pro-European option.


Voter turnout

Compared to the 2014 and 2019 European elections, voter turnout rose slightly from 42.4% and 50.1% respectively to 52.5%, but is far below the turnout in the 2022 presidential elections, in which 73.7% of voters took part in the first round. Even the large number of 38 lists on offer could not bring more citizens to the polls. 

The full-length publication is only available in german.

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Anja Czymmeck

Anja Czymmeck

Head of the France Office +33 156 69 15 00


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The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.